Standardized testing spotlights inequality


first_imgEach year, students in California public schools sit to take the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress exam, which determines how prepared students are for college. Those test scores were just recently released, and while students in the Los Angeles Unified School District scored better on this year’s state standardized test than last year’s, only 39 percent of students met the benchmark standards in English and only 29 percent meet standards in math. Despite how low these numbers remain, the district did improve by 4 percent and 6 percent in math and English respectively. This year’s scores remain notably low for certain groups, such as black students and those learning English as a second language.Wealthier schools, such as Wonderland Avenue Elementary School in the Hollywood Hills (where 84 percent of students met the English standards and 83 percent met the math standards) tend to outperform more economically disadvantaged schools on exams of this nature. Standardized tests that measure aptitude and college readiness reflect the trend in K-12 education that illustrates the large impact wealth has on a student’s education. Thus, these tests often predict a student’s wealth more than his or her intelligence and should not be given as much weight by government and education officials when determining a student’s aptitude for success.Though opinions differ as to why, on K-12 achievement tests and college entrance exams, lower-income students, as well as black and Latino students, consistently score below privileged white and Asian students. In fact, the socioeconomic status of a child’s parents has always been one of the strongest predictors of the child’s academic achievement and educational attainment. Some explanations as to why this gap exists relate to neighborhood conditions, school quality, parental investments, the educational attainment of the parents and family structure. These gaps still persist, as apparent in this year’s LAUSD CASPP scores, despite decades of research and numerous studies attempting to explain and close them. However, one recent related study shows a closing of one major socioeconomic gap dealing with kindergarten readiness. Stanford University’s Sean Reardon, a professor of poverty and inequality in education, studies the gap between wealthy and impoverished children in terms of how prepared they are to begin kindergarten, and how that gap has changed since the late 1990s. From 1998 to 2010, his research illustrates how the gap between wealthy and poor students’ preparation for kindergarten has improved by about one month’s more time of instruction. This is an achievement, especially considering the skills that children possess when they enter kindergarten can be very predictive of how the child will progress through school.Scores on college entrance exams such as the SAT also illustrate a strong correlation between wealth and high scores. What is ironic, however, is that the SAT was devised as a tool to identify talented students from underprivileged backgrounds, and was originally thought of as a test of aptitude rather than learned knowledge. According to John Katzman, president and founder of The Princeton Review, predictive tests like the SAT measure “only about 18 percent of the things that it takes to do well in school,” and have only a 4 percent chance of predicting success in college. SAT scores are strongly correlated with income, parental educational attainment and ethnicity. Thus, wealthy white or Asian students, whose parents have a graduate degree, and who have taken the PSAT before the SAT, are more likely to get high scores on the exam than a minority student whose parents have a only a high school degree. The difference in exam scores between two such students could be as high as 400 or 500 points.Overall, less importance should be given to exams that seek to measure student intelligence. These sorts of high stakes standardized tests, like the CASPP and other exams in United States public schools or college entrance exams like the SAT, are not accurate measurements of what students have learned. They cannot assess critical thinking skills and instead teach students how to memorize information more than learn actual material. Moreover, these types of exams more often illustrate a link between high test scores and family wealth more than innate or learned intelligence.Julia Lawler is a senior majoring  in history and social science education. Her column, “Get Schooled,” runs Fridays.last_img read more

Women’s volleyball beats Oklahoma to cap road trip


first_imgKatie Chin | Daily TrojanThis past weekend at the Maryland Challenge, the women’s volleyball team improved its record to 8-3 with a four-set victory over Oklahoma (25-19, 23-25, 25-20, 25-20).  The Trojans were ranked 18th when entering the match, whereas Oklahoma was unranked.Against Oklahoma, the Trojan offense experimented with a new player in the mix: sophomore opposite hitter Daley Krage, who had a breakout performance, putting down a career-high 12 kills.  Krage also contributed two blocks and three digs for the Trojan defense.Another Trojan adding a feat to her career records was senior setter Reni Meyer-Whalley. Meyer-Whalley recorded her first double-double match this season with 24 assists and 11 digs.  This is Meyer-Whalley’s 10th double-double in her career.Leading the Trojans in kills was sophomore outside hitter Khalia Lanier, who tallied 22.  Lanier also played great defense with nine digs, which was one short of earning her a double-double on the match.  Another standout offensive performance came from senior opposite hitter Brittany Abercrombie, who delivered a career-high 16 kills alongside her two blocks.The win against Oklahoma was essential for the Trojans, especially after losing to Maryland earlier in the tournament. USC entersPac-12 play against crosstown rival No. 13 UCLA on Wednesday.  UCLA will be ready to compete against the Trojans, considering UCLA’s only two losses are both to a strong Nebraska team.“Even though we lost to Maryland, we beat Oklahoma, which was a big win for us,” senior middle blocker Danielle Geiger said.  “We learned a lot from our loss against Maryland, and then we had Daley come in and do a great job [for] us.  She’ll be a component to our success this season and I’m looking forward to Pac-12 play.”last_img read more

Basketball player held out of home opener


first_imgSophomore guard De’Anthony Melton is being held out indefinitely due a potential issue regarding his eligibility. Photo by Katie Chin | Daily TrojanSophomore guard De’Anthony Melton will be held out of play indefinitely from the men’s basketball team due to concerns surrounding his eligibility. The news broke just before tip-off of the team’s season opener last Friday. “USC is working diligently to independently investigate this matter in order to confirm that De’Anthony meets the NCAA eligibility requirements,” USC said in a statement minutes before tip-off of the game against Cal State Fullerton.Melton’s suspension comes as an investigation into associate head coach Tony Bland. Bland is involved in a nationwide FBI investigation into bribery and corruption in college basketball recruiting. He was indicted last Tuesday by a federal grand jury for charges including bribery and wire fraud. Bland allegedly facilitated $9,000 in total to two families of USC basketball players or recruits, one a rising freshman and the other a rising sophomore in August, according to court documents. The two athletes have not been named. All other players on the Trojans’ roster suited up and played in the team’s 84-42 season opening victory.Melton’s attorney, Vicki I. Podberesky, told the Los Angeles Times that “multiple investigations” found no evidence that would deem Melton ineligible.“He hopes that USC will demonstrate the same level of loyalty and commitment to him that he has given to the school and the USC basketball program,” Podberesky said to the Times. Melton broke out last year in his first season as a Trojan, starting in the final 25 games of the season. The 6-foot-4, 200-pound guard averaged 8.3 points, 3.5 assists, 1.9 steals and 1.0 blocks per game. He led the Pac-12 with 69 steals on the season, and led the team’s comeback victory over Texas A&M to keep the Trojans dancing during March Madness.last_img read more

Isaiah Pola-Mao has dream start to college football career


first_imgIsaiah Pola-Mao didn’t know he would be starting his first college football game until Thursday. The redshirt freshman was forced into action at safety after sophomore Bubba Bolden, who was supposed to start, was taken out of the lineup two days before the season opener against UNLV for an undisclosed reason.Bolden’s loss was Pola-Mao’s gain. Pola-Mao, who redshirted last season after sustaining a shoulder injury, made a statement on his very first play, forcing a fumble on UNLV’s opening play from scrimmage.“I was overwhelmed with a lot emotions, and I was very sad for what Bubba was going through but I had to lock in and focus and clear my mind, get ready for this game,” Pola-Mao said.Pola-Mao stripped UNLV running back Lexington Thomas of the football deep in the Rebels’ territory, setting up a short field for the USC offense, which produced a field goal that would get the Trojans on the board first. The Trojans easily won 43-21 at the Coliseum.Pola-Mao said he was nervous before the game.“Being away from football and not actually playing in a game, it’s a big difference,” he said. “Coming into my first college game, I was very anxious, so I just had to get the jitters out. Happened to be a big [play].”It quickly endeared Pola-Mao with the veterans on the defensive corps.“That was big, that was big, that was dope for him,” said redshirt senior cornerback Ajene Harris.Senior linebacker Cameron Smith said the situation could not have played out any better for the first-time starter.“Anytime after that first play or that first series, you just calm down and just say, ‘It’s football,’” Smith said. “That’s what he needed to get him going and I thought he did a really good job for us today.”There’s no better way to calm down than by forcing a turnover seconds into the game.“I don’t think he saw me so I came in and just tried to punch it as hard as I could and landed right on,” Pola-Mao said on forcing the fumble.Pola-Mao was originally slotted on the depth chart behind senior Marvell Tell at free safety, but slid over to strong safety once Bolden was unavailable. Head coach Clay Helton declined to provide details on Bolden’s situation after the announcement was made on Thursday, though a University spokesperson confirmed he was still on the roster.The Phoenix native starred in high school at Mountain Pointe High, named to the Max Preps All-American first team in 2016. He also has football royalty in his blood – Pola-Mao’s uncle is former USC and NFL star safety Troy Polamalu and his great uncle, Kennedy Polamalu, played for USC from 1982-85 as a fullback and is now an assistant with the Minnesota Vikings.Now, it’s Pola-Mao’s turn. Though he had nerves heading into his debut, the redshirt freshman said he had a good feeling in his heart the night before the game.“I was thinking about it [Friday] night,” Pola-Mao said. “I saw the opportunity and just took it.”A reporter asked him to elaborate on what he felt.“I felt me making a play, changing the game,” he said.last_img read more

Justyn Knight wins 5000-meter NCAA National Championship


first_img Published on March 9, 2018 at 10:12 pm Contact Danny: dremerma@syr.edu | @DannyEmerman Facebook Twitter Google+ With a time of 14:14:47, Justyn Knight became the NCAA Indoor Champion in the 5000-meter race, his first national indoor track championship victory.The slow pace made the race Knight’s to win. Knight had the most juice left in the tank and it showed in the final 200 meters, where he separated himself from the pack with a burst of blazing speed.Knight pulled away from Alabama’s Vincent Kiprop (14:15:01) and Oklahoma State’s Hassan Abdi (14:15:38) to coast through the finish line. Knight is set to compete in the 3k race tomorrow. Knight is the second NCAA Track and Field Champion from SU, joining Jarret Eaton, who won the 60-meter hurdles in 2012. He’s also the first SU athlete in 37 years to win multiple individual national championships.In the Women’s 5k, junior Paige Stoner couldn’t keep pace with the top half of the field and ended up with a time of 16:05:88, good for eighth out of 16.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textEarlier in the night, in the preliminaries of the 60-meter hurdles, neither Matt Moore nor Angelo Goss qualified for the finals. Moore, a sophomore, just barely missed the cut by 0.02 seconds. Goss, a senior, finished in last place. Commentslast_img read more

From the stands: F-M’s 31-28 win through the eyes of Paul Neuman, the quarterback’s dad


first_img Facebook Twitter Google+ Comments Only Paul Neuman knows about the cartoon bags of money embossed on his son Owen’s football cleats. From the stands they just look gold, but Owen wanted to wear them because he hopes to one day be an investment banker.“I told him you couldn’t see that from the stands,” Paul said during Fayetteville-Manlius’ matchup with Utica Proctor on Friday.While Owen and the Hornets (3-0) outlasted the Raiders (2-1), 31-28, on Friday night at Fayetteville-Manlius High School, Paul raptly followed. Owen is starting this year, his senior year, and it’s the last time he’ll play competitive football, so Paul is keen to take in his only child’s last ride on the gridiron.Early on in Friday’s game, though, Paul was tense. F-M runs the Wing-T offense, relying heavily on its running backs, so passes are sporadically sprinkled in. On Owen’s first pass attempt of the game, he took a sack to make it fourth and goal.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“Dangit!” Paul said through his teeth, clapping his hands together. This is his usual routine when a play goes south for the Hornets. A clap or slap on the knee, often accompanied by a terse exclamation.F-M took a 3-0 lead after the sack, then got the ball back with the same score. Owen took another sack, and Paul was subdued. The next play, Owen dropped back and fired a wobbly throw over the middle of the field. The tumbling pass found an open receiver for a chunk first down, making it first and goal. A handful of plays later, Owen snuck the ball in for his first rushing touchdown of the year. In celebration, he sprinted to the sideline, skirted around his teammates and coaches, grabbed a football from a ball bag and handed it to someone in the student section.Paul had never seen that celebration before.“He must think he’s Cam Newton,” he quipped. Paul didn’t wear any F-M gear to Friday’s game. Graduating from a small high school with roughly 20 people in his class, Paul said, football wasn’t even an option at his school. But now with Owen running the offense, he’s become absorbed into the game.In the middle of the bleachers, he sat statue-like with other fathers, balls of their feet resting lightly on the bench in front of them, deftly debating how to slow down UP’s Jabril Jarrett. They all yelled “Pass!” when the Raiders threw deep with 6:28 to play in the second quarter.Eventually halftime came, and F-M lead, 17-6. Owen’s had an up and down game so far, but the Hornets are winning, and that’s all Owen cared about, Paul said. As Fayetteville-Manlius walked to the locker room, Paul sat upright with his arms crossed.He’s been quiet for most of the game, laid back like his son, who teammates have nicknamed “Surfer.”Owen Neuman quarterbacked F-M to a win to get to 3-0 to begin his senior season. Andrew Graham | Senior Staff WriterDuring halftime, Paul talked about Owen’s role in the offense. So far, F-M has predominantly run the ball, and that’s just what the Hornets do. It’s frustrating, and he knows Owen’s passing abilities are good enough, “but it’s coaching,” he said.Owen wants to throw more, too. “Hopefully we can get ahead 14-0 so I can starting throwing,” Owen told Paul before leaving the house for the game on Friday.F-M retakes the field and Paul leans forward, trying to glimpse his son and inevitably, “surfer” is at the very back of the pack.During a close third quarter, Paul is particularly stoic. The game is tight and F-M is struggling to stop the Raiders offense. In need of a play, Owen provided, dropping in a touchdown over the middle to stretch the lead to 24-14. This time, Owen grabs a marker and signs the ball he gave away earlier. Paul doesn’t notice because he’s too busy celebrating with the parents surrounding him.The conversation moves to next year. Owen, who hopes to be a banker, wants to go south to the warmth for college. He’s hoping to attend Clemson or maybe Florida State, Paul said.Paul and Owen’s mother, Laurine, are divorced. Owen is Paul’s only kid. “It’s going to be tough,” Paul said of Owen going off to college, a tinge of sadness creeping in. Then he cleared his throat, sat up and started talking about football again. The game wound down and F-M needed to ice the game away. With less than a minute left, the Hornets faced third and four. Utica Proctor was out of timeouts. Four yards and it was over. A three-yard gain set up Owen’s game-sealing first-down sneak. The loudest claps from the stands came from Paul.“It means so much to know (he) cares about what I’m doing,” Owen said after the win.Then he walked over to Paul. Father and son had a brief conversation before Paul gave Owen a hug and let him go on his way to the locker room.center_img Published on September 15, 2018 at 9:09 am Contact Andrew: aegraham@syr.edu | @A_E_Grahamlast_img read more

Director of Basketball Operations Kip Wellman on leaving Syracuse: ‘It was the right time’


first_img Published on July 1, 2019 at 10:49 am Contact Michael: mmcclear@syr.edu | @MikeJMcCleary Kip Wellman, Syracuse’s director of basketball operations for the past six seasons, has left the program to “pursue other opportunities,” a team spokesperson said in a text message.SU athletics released an email this morning announcing Wellman’s replacement, Peter Corasaniti, who was a graduate assistant with the SU program from 2014 to 2016. Corasaniti has spent the past three seasons as the men’s basketball Coordinator of Player Development at Binghamton.He oversaw players’ academics, community service, nutrition and had some administrative duties, Bearcats head coach Tommy Dempsey said. Like the SU director of men’s basketball operations, Corasaniti could not work directly with players regarding on-court development.Wellman, a 2009 graduate of SU’s higher education master’s program, served as a director of player development and then as an assistant coach at Western Kentucky prior to being hired as the SU Director of Basketball Operations in August 2013.“It was the right time for me and my family,” Wellman said in a text to The Daily Orange. “Want to pursue other opportunities in basketball.”AdvertisementThis is placeholder textHe added that he’s “still working on the details,” regarding where he goes next.This story has been updated with additional reporting. Comments Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

‘Cool Kids’ claim top spot at Otto’s Army campout before Syracuse-Duke game


first_img Published on February 2, 2020 at 8:18 pm Contact Skyler: skrivera@syr.edu | @skylerriveraa Facebook Twitter Google+ They passed around spicy thai chili and cool ranch Doritos in a small green tent. Kyle Maiorana, Justin Stock, Gabe Khan and Anthony “Tricky” Tricarico were outside of the Carrier Dome’s Gate E on Friday night. They had secured a first-place spot for the Otto’s Army campout.A wait that had started the night before ended in guaranteed first-row seats for the Duke men’s basketball game on Saturday. Otto’s Army set a slew of obstacles for campers to tackle in order to be awarded their prized seats. The first step: check-in at the women’s basketball game Thursday night.The four freshmen at SU joined approximately 40 other students in what has become an annual campout before the Duke game. The temperatures hovered around the 20s and spots in line were threatened if campers missed a check-in, but four hours prior to tip-off in Syracuse’s 97-88 loss to Duke, the group filed into the Dome.“This is our biggest event of the year,” said Jonathan Danilich, a member of the Otto’s Army executive board. “We work really hard for it.”Maiorana, Stock, Khan and Tricarico, the self-proclaimed “Cool Kids,” grabbed dinner at Sadler Dining Hall on Thursday before their days-long wait. They arrived outside of the Dome at 6 p.m., and wrote their names at the top of Otto’s Army’s list. It was resilience that earned them first place for the campout, but that didn’t come without competition. When the temperature neared the 20s they debated waiting inside an ESF building, but their gut told them no. Others had already started to arrive.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“Five minutes later and we would’ve been second,” Khan said.Skyler Rivera | Contributing WriterTwenty-four hours later, the group set up their small green tent, provided by Khan’s mom, in front of the Barnes Center at the Arch. They were handed laminated orange cards labeled 004, representing their spot in line, first among students — the opening three spots were reserved for the Otto’s Army executive board.Inside the tent, an air mattress covered in a striped sheet lay beside a lantern and multiple Coca-Cola bottles. With 26 hours until tip-off, the group passed time by playing poker with an electronic-chip app. Their RA from Shaw Hall, Mario Garcia, sat on a folding chair outside the tent as Dorito crumbs fell on the mattress, the same one all four squeezed onto later that night.Khan and Tricarico are Syracuse natives, born and raised Orange fans. Maiorana and Stock are Ohio natives but befriended the other boys and quickly became SU fans. The group, all freshman engineering majors, laughed about their first-year dorm shenanigans and discussed plans for Super Bowl Sunday.One hour into the campout, Otto’s Army leaders called for a roll call and campers filed out of their tents to check-in. If campers missed a check-in, they’d lose their spot in line.More arrived over time, and by 10 p.m. Friday, there were around ten tents pitched and over 40 campers. Country music blasted from one tent, Syracuse flags flew from another, and an hour-long cornhole game commenced. Meanwhile, the “Cool Kids” continued their poker game.Campers and casual fanatics could continue to check in with Otto’s Army until 10 a.m. on Saturday. At noon, Maiorana, Stock, Khan and Tricarico packed up their green tent and headed back to Shaw to clean up for the game. At 3:30 p.m., they met at Gate F to check-in for the final time, a reward for their nearly two days of hard work.“It’s all about the experience,” Tricarico said. “It’s about doing stuff you usually can’t do.”As the clock struck 4 p.m., the campout groups were ushered into the Dome and the “Cool Kids” led the pack. They claimed their hard-earned front row seats and settled in for pregame warmups.The Syracuse-Duke game’s announced crowd of 31,458 people was the largest on-campus crowd this season, and the boys from the green tent had some of the best seats. During the game, they won an in-stadium prize — all four boys won $30 Carrabba’s Italian Grill gift cards for a random seat-of-the-game.It wasn’t about the gift cards or even the game’s outcome. It was about the experience. Commentslast_img read more

Injury worries for Arsenal manager ahead of Reds clash


first_imgThe trio will be given until tomorrow to prove their fitness.Laurent Koscielny is definitely out.Both the Merseysiders and the Gunners have been inconsistent this season and John Giles says they suffer similar problems.last_img

Galway style will put Tipp to the test


first_imgThe Premier County are coming off the back off a 1-6 to 1-5 victory over Kildare in the first round. Throw-in tomorrow night is at quarter-to-eight. Tommy Twomey is looking ahead to tomorrow night’s Hastings Cup round 2 match-up in Ballingarry against the footballing stronghold of Galway.And he says his team are good enough to overcome all styles of football and the Tuesday night fixture gives opportunities to other players. He said the Connacht side play attacking football and like to use their forwards with good crossfield balls. last_img