View comments Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs LATEST STORIES DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins Gov’t in no rush to rescue animals in Taal Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The 21-year-old Liu is entered in the 50 backstroke and 50 freestyle at the Asian Games. She was a bronze medalist in the backstroke at the 2015 world championships and had a previous best time of 27.40.Fu Yuanhui took silver in 27.68 in a 1-2 finish for China and Japan’s Natsumi Sakai, the 2017 world junior champion, took bronze in 27.91.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’Fu won the 50 and 100 backstroke titles at the 2014 Asian Games, was world champion in the 50 backstroke in 2015 and picked an Olympic bronze in the 100 backstroke at Rio de Janeiro in 2016. Peza offers relief to ecozone firms Women’s 50m backstroke gold medalist China’s Liu Xiang, centre, stands with silver medalist China’s Fu Yuanhui, left, and bronze medalist Japan’s Natsumi Sakai on the podium during the swimming competition at the 18th Asian Games in Jakarta, Indonesia, Tuesday, Aug. 21, 2018. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)JAKARTA, Indonesia — Liu Xiang of China swam a world-record time of 26.98 seconds to win the women’s 50-meter backstroke gold medal on Tuesday night at the Asian Games.Liu has become the first woman to swim under 27 seconds in the event, breaking the mark of 27.06 set by fellow Chinese swimmer Zhao Jing at the 2009 world championships in Rome.ADVERTISEMENT Hidilyn Diaz wins Philippines’ first gold medal in 2018 Asian Games Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil
Justice Edwin Cameron addressing the PlenarySession at the 17th International AIDSConference, held in Mexico in August 2008.(Image: International Aids Society) A memorial to the late Aids activist GuguDlamini, killed for making her HIV-positivestatus public. Dlamini was the inspirationfor Cameron’s unveiling of his ownstatus. (Image: Avert)Janine ErasmusA decade after former president Thabo Mbeki blocked his appointment, Judge Edwin Cameron has taken his seat on the Bench of the Constitutional Court, the highest court in South Africa dealing with constitutional matters.President Kgalema Motlanthe announced on 31 December 2008 that Cameron would be the next Constitutional Court judge, taking over the position left by Justice Tholakele “Tholie” Madala, who retired at the end of 2008. Cameron moves into his chambers at the Constitutional Court in Johannesburg in January 2009.Other top judges in the running for the position were Cape High Court Judge Shehnaz Meer, Johannesburg High Court Judge Nigel Willis and Northern Cape Judge President Frans Kgomo.The appointment has also made headlines because Cameron, who turns 56 in February 2009, is openly gay and was the first high-profile public figure in South Africa to reveal that he is HIV-positive. He is well-known and respected as a long-standing activist for the rights of those living with HIV, and has worked tirelessly for many years to combat the discrimination and stigma associated with the disease.The Pretoria-born judge was moved to disclose his HIV status shortly after Aids activist Gugu Dlamini was stoned to death by a gang of boys in her neighbourhood of KwaMancinza, KwaZulu-Natal, for revealing on an isiZulu radio station that she was HIV positive. Her announcement came on 1 December, World Aids Day 1998, and she paid for it with her life. Dlamini had been a volunteer field worker for the National Association of People Living with HIV/Aids.Cameron had lived with the knowledge of his status for three years before disclosing it. In a 2005 interview with UK magazine Positive Nation he said, “I thought, I’m living with the professional and middle-class protections, surrounded by caring friends and family, and I’m not speaking, but this woman did. That’s what compelled me to speak.”For breaking his silence, Cameron in turn was praised by former president Nelson Mandela as one of South Africa’s new breed of heroes.In the same interview Cameron mentioned that he had suffered no negative repercussions whatsoever in his professional or personal life, and was overwhelmed by the love and praise that had poured in for him. He confessed to being puzzled that other public figures had not felt compelled to come out and speak themselves.A superb legal mindEdwin Cameron grew up in Pretoria and after matriculating from Pretoria Boys’ High School and took up studies at Stellenbosch University in the Western Cape. Here he completed a BA in Law followed by a BA Honours in Latin. Later he obtained his LLB through the University of South Africa.Not content with these qualifications, Cameron was awarded a Rhodes Scholarship in 1976 to study at Keble College, Oxford, completing two first-class degrees, a BA Jurisprudence and Batchelor of Civil Law. In 2003 he was made an honorary Fellow of Keble College and in the same year was invited to be a Visiting Fellow of All Souls College at Oxford.Cameron was admitted to the Johannesburg Bar in 1983 and three years later began to practise as a human rights lawyer at the University of the Witwatersrand’s Centre for Applied Legal Studies. His practice included labour and employment law; the defence of African National Congress freedom fighters charged with treason; land tenure and forced removals; objection on conscientious and religious grounds; and gay and lesbian equality.During this time he became active in human rights relating to HIV and Aids, co-founding the Aids Consortium, a national network of NGOs addressing the needs of those suffering with Aids, and founding the Aids Law Project, among other accomplishments. He also co-drafted the Charter of Rights on Aids and HIV, the founding document of the Aids Consortium.In 1994 President Mandela appointed him to the High Court on a temporary basis, where he chaired a commission into illegal arms deals, after which he took up a permanent position in 1995. Since 2000 Cameron has been a justice of the Supreme Court in Bloemfontein. Immediately prior to this appointment he served for a year as an Acting Justice in the Constitutional Court.Between 1998 and 2008 Cameron chaired the Council of the University of the Witwatersrand, the institution’s governing body. His long relationship with Wits includes a seat on numerous University committees as well as the Senate.Former Director of the Wits Centre for Applied Legal Studies, David Unterhalter, has referred to Cameron as ‘”one of the leading lawyers of his generation, possibly the leading lawyer”.Cameron is current General Secretary of the Rhodes Scholarships in Southern Africa. His other roles include patronages of several charitable organisations, among them the Guild Cottage Children’s Home, the Sparrow’s Nest Children’s Hospice, the Community AIDS Response, and the Soweto HIV/Aids Counsellors’ Alliance.Staunch Aids activistCameron has done stellar work in entrenching the rights of gay and lesbian people in the constitutional laws of the country, and fighting against the denial and discrimination associated with HIV and Aids. His outspoken opposition to Thabo Mbeki’s controversial stance of denial towards Aids, and reluctance to make anti-retroviral drugs available to all, earned him the disfavour of the former president. It is believed to have been a significant factor in his failure to gain an appointment to the Constitutional Court.Legal experts today believe that Cameron’s appointment, and that of the new Minister of Health Barbara Hogan, represent a break away from the denialist policies of the past.Cameron is the author of a number of legal books on that subject and others, such as Defiant Desire – Gay and Lesbian Lives in South Africa, and Honoré’s South African Law of Trusts. He has also written treatises on labour and industrial law. In 2005 he put his own experiences down in writing in the book Witness to Aids, which earned him the 2006 Alan Paton award for non-fiction, together with HIV-positive journalist Adam Levin.Among the many tokens of recognition Cameron has received from all over the world are the Nelson Mandela Award for Health and Human Rights in 2000, a special award in 2002 from the Bar of England and Wales in recognition of his work in international jurisprudence and human rights, and the San Francisco AIDS Foundation Excellence in Leadership Award in 2003.For the rights of the peopleThe 11 judges appointed to the Constitutional Court must be independent – they may not be members of Parliament or of any political party, nor may they serve in any governmental role. Candidates are interviewed and then proposed by the Judicial Service Commission, a body that advises the government on matters relating to the administration of justice.The successful candidates are selected by the president, in consultation with the Chief Justice and the National Assembly. Under normal circumstances, judges serve for a non-renewable term of 12 to 15 years, depending on the initial age of the judge when taking up his or her appointment.The first judges took to the Bench in 1994 and were appointed by then president Mandela. Senior counsel and veteran struggle lawyer Arthur Chaskalson was the first president of the Constitutional Court. He was followed by the first four judges, all drawn from the ranks of the Supreme Court – Laurie Ackermann, Richard Goldstone, Tholie Madala and Ismail Mohamed.The remaining six judges were Johann Kriegler, John Didcott, Pius Langa, Kate O’Regan, Yvonne Mokgoro, and Albie Sachs.The Constitutional Court was officially opened by Nelson Mandela in February 1995. “The last time I appeared in court,” said Mandela on that occasion, “was to hear whether or not I was going to be sentenced to death. Today I rise not as an accused, but on behalf of the people of South Africa, to inaugurate a court South Africa has never had, a court on which hinges the future of our democracy.”The Court’s first hearing involved the constitutionality of the death penalty, and after three days of hearings it delivered its judgement that the death penalty was indeed unconstitutional.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at firstname.lastname@example.org.Useful linksConstitutional CourtSupreme Court of AppealJohannesburg Bar SocietyCentre for Applied and Legal StudiesAids Law ProjectNational Association of People Living with Hiv/AidsWitness to AidsAids Consortium
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Scientists at The Ohio State University have successfully tested a new chemical to control mosquitoes, including the ones that spread Zika, and it comes from a traditional medicinal plant found only in Madagascar.Peter Piermarini and Liva Rakotondraibe said a bark extract from Cinnamosma fragrans, a small tree commonly called mandravasarotra, made the mosquitoes in their study buzz off. It repelled the flying adults from a distance, which kept them from landing and feeding on blood. And it killed the larvae and adults upon contact.“What’s exciting is that it’s a natural product,” said Piermarini, an associate professor of entomology in Ohio State’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES). “We’re taking advantage of something plants have been doing for millions of years” — evolving chemicals to defend themselves from insects — “to hopefully get a leg up on mosquitoes.”In recent years, public health agencies have been scrambling for new ways to fight the biters. That’s partly because more and more mosquitoes have become resistant to common insecticides, and partly because of the spread of mosquito-borne diseases, Zika being one of them.The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported in May that illnesses from infected mosquito, tick and flea bites tripled in the United States during the 13 years from 2004 to 2016, with more than 640,000 total cases reported.The Ohio State scientists said the new chemical isn’t ready to be turned into a commercial product just yet, but has lots of potential to become one.Of note, they said the chemical works equally well on normal mosquitoes and on mosquitoes that are resistant to common insecticides. So as an added weapon in a mosquito-fighting arsenal, it could slow the development of resistance to other insecticides.“It appears to act through a novel mechanism that conventional insecticides currently don’t exploit,” Piermarini said.Mandravasarotra is one of the more than 12,000 plant species found in Madagascar, of which 8 out of 10 are endemic: they don’t grow naturally anywhere else. Parts of the tree have long been used in folk medicine in the country, and more recently, as a source of essential oil for aromatherapy.“It’s very fragrant,” Piermarini said, showing a piece of the bark. “It has a black pepper-like scent.”Piermarini is an expert on the biology of mosquitoes. Based at CFAES’s Wooster campus, his work includes developing new insecticides and repellents.Finding, tapping into plants that help peopleRakotondraibe is an assistant professor in Ohio State’s College of Pharmacy in Columbus, where he focuses on medicinal chemistry and pharmacognosy (the study of medicines from natural sources).Originally from Madagascar, Rakotondraibe has a special interest in the country’s diverse medicinal plants, mandravasarotra included, and when he came to Ohio State in 2013, he brought with him some of the compounds that he had isolated from those plants. He’s testing the compounds for treating diseases including malaria and cancer.A mutual colleague, who knew of Piermarini’s and Rakotondraibe’s research interests, suggested the two team up.For their study, the scientists tested the mandravasarotra bark extract on Aedes aegypti, one of the most widespread mosquito species globally and the primary carrier of the Zika, dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya viruses. All four viruses are spreading in the United States and in other parts of the world, possibly due to climate change, and can cause serious diseases in humans.Through their research, the scientists found that mandravasarotra bark contains a chemical called cinnamodial, and that’s what affected the mosquitoes. Cinnamodial is a sesquiterpene, a group of plant chemicals common in resins and in essential oils.The scientists further discovered that cinnamodial activates a type of sensory receptor in the mosquito called TRPA1. Located in nerve cells on the antennae and mouth parts, TRPA1 receptors help mosquitoes detect heat and dangerous chemicals in their environments — things that could damage their genes or their bodies, things they should try to avoid.Piermarini said cinnamodial is “probably quite irritating to the mosquito,” which is likely why it’s repellent. He said a similar receptor in humans detects spicy foods.“You can envision what a mosquito must be experiencing (from cinnamodial) if you think about putting a big spoonful of wasabi in your mouth, and having a reaction that intense,” Piermarini said. “You can get a sense of why they don’t like it.”It’s less clear, though, why mosquitoes die from cinnamodial, at least after having direct contact with it. Piermarini said his best guess is that it’s due to an aldehyde, one of the molecules that make up the compound.“Aldehydes tend to be fairly noxious chemicals that can cause a lot of damage to cells and DNA,” Piermarini said. He thinks the compound does exactly that, to the point it kills the mosquito.In some of their tests, the scientists sprayed the bark extract on adult mosquitoes. In other tests, they added it to the water of the swimming larvae.Mosquitoes want to avoid itIn both cases, Piermarini said, the mosquitoes’ TRPA1 receptors “couldn’t do them any good because they couldn’t avoid the chemical, and it ended up killing them, unfortunately for them.”But it was good news for the scientists.The findings mean “we’ve got a compound that shows good activity,” a strong candidate for further development, Rakotondraibe said. “That’s exciting.”Next, Rakotondraibe will begin to try to improve the compound, tweaking it at a molecular level to make it more stable and potent.He’ll try to isolate other new chemicals from mandravasarotra bark, too, and if he succeeds, Piermarini will test them in a similar fashion to see their effects on mosquitoes.Together, the scientists will simply try to better understand what the chemicals do to mosquitoes: What makes them toxic and repellent?“Ultimately, if you want to control mosquitoes, you need to have a really comprehensive toolbox,” Piermarini said. “You don’t want to be limited to just one tool, because they’re going to be evolving resistance to it.“So the more tools we develop, the less we have to rely on a single one, and that can slow down the evolution of resistance because you’re attacking the problem with multiple strategies instead of relying on a silver bullet where you put a lot of pressure for resistance to evolve.”The study appeared in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.Researchers on the study also included Edna Alfaro Inocente, Marguerite Shaya and Nuris Acosta, all of CFAES’s Department of Entomology.The study was funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health; Ohio State’s Public Health Preparedness for Infectious Diseases Program; the SEEDS competitive grants program of CFAES’s Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC); and state and federal funds appropriated to OARDC.
Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting curt hopkins Protesters killed in Bahrain. In the latest Middle East uprising, Bahrain went into the streets on this week, filling up streets and roundabouts. Last night, however, it went pear-shaped as Bahrain security forces attempted to “close” the square. Between tear gas, tear gas canisters, beatings, rubber bullets and possibly live fire, three have died. Over 200 were injured, 60 are missing and dozens arrested. Crowdvoice, a site run by the Bahrain-based MideastYouth, has been blocked due to their page on the Human Rights Crackdown in Bahrain. Protests and classes also took place in Libya, where one protester was killed. The Libyan government had tried to head it off by warning against using Facebook and arresting several activists. Protests took place for the seventh day in Yemen . In Iraq government forces killed one and dozens were wounded in an anti-government protest. Syria sentences blogger to five years. After removing blocks on the Internet that have been in place for years, as a sop to protests around the Middle East, Syria’s government couldn’t deny their essential nature. They’ve sentenced a 19-year-old female blogger, Tal Al Mallohi, to five years in prison. Detained since December of 2009, she was convicted of “revealing information to a foreign country.”Oh, did we mention Mubarak resigned? After three weeks of intense protest, after a whole generation was mobilized, Egypt’s president Hosni Mubarak resigned from 30 years of one-man rule. Mubarak, like Tunisia’s Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, tried various stalling methods. But none of it worked. The people of Egypt were done with him. I confess, I kept waiting for the fall-out, but it keeps not coming. There’ll be a lot of hard work ahead but once the vast majority of a country get behind a change, that’s when it sticks. Currently, Wael Ghonim has set up a very successful Google Moderator page to sketch out the future of the country.Blogger and lit mag editor from Equatorial Guinea leaves country. Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel started a hunger strike to protest President Teodoro Obiang Nguema’s dictatorial rule. He left for Spain four days later after repeated harassment. He cited Tunisia and Egypt as models for his country. Cuba increases Internet connectivity. An undersea cable from Venezuela just reached Cuba. When it goes live it will increase Cuba’s Internet connectivity 3000x. It is far from certain that this will mean more Cubans will be online. One Cuban however, Cuba’s most renowned blogger Yoani Sánchez , is back online in that country after years of being blocked. Her Cuban blog aggregator, Desde Cuba, is likewise visible. How long that will last is equally uncertain. Bahrain photo via Al Jazeera Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Tags:#TWiOT#web Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
By Sarah Pittman, Human Nutrition Graduate Student at the University of IllinoisFood plays a big part in our society today. Food is not only used for nourishment and fuel for our bodies, but we also use it for celebrating, gathering and enjoyment. But the food we put into our bodies has a major impact on our gut-brain axis. Studies have shown that lower grade fuel (more processed and not as healthy food) can contribute to depression and cognitive health in adults. They have found that specifically, the western diet is associated with a smaller hippocampus, the part of the brain that regulates emotion and memory.8Free RadicalsFree radicals are the natural by products of chemical processes like metabolism. Although too many free radicals can cause damage to the body, they are also essential to life. When we eat lower grade fuel excess free radicals form, which can cause damage to cells, proteins and DNA. Free radicals are associated with cancer, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.6Luckily, eating foods that contain antioxidants, like berries, red cabbage and kale, help to lessen or prevent the effects of free radicals by preventing the oxidation of other molecules.4Gut Microbiome and the Gut-Brain AxisThe gut microbiome is composed of over 100 trillion microbes, in which 95% of the bacteria in our bodies live in our GI tract. The gut bacterium has many functions including, digestion, immunity with fighting off infection, production of vitamins (especially vitamins B & K), as well as communication with the brain, hence the correlation to diet and mental health.8The gut-brain axis is a complex network that integrates the gut microbiome with the nervous system in the brain through the vagus nerve.7 This network regulates gastric and intestinal function as well as energy homeostasis.7 This is why an unhealthy digestive system can be linked to mental and physical distress.8How to maintain a healthy gutResearch has shown that we can slightly alter the composition of our gut microbiota (for better or worse) within a matter of 24 hours.8Protein foods contain the building blocks of the body and brain chemicals that influence how we think and feel.8 Therefore, including a lean protein source at each meal can lead to a healthy gut.Omega 3 fatty acids are very beneficial to brain health. Not having omega 3’s in the diet can change the makeup of the microbiome, which can ultimately influence brain health and behavior. A low intake of omega 3’s has been correlated with depression, poor concentration and fatigue.8As mentioned before, eating a diet rich in antioxidants can help fight free radicals in the body. Eating a diet rich in berries, pecans and even dark chocolate can help maintain a healthy microbiome!2,8Staying hydrated is so important for all body functions and processes, including digestion and elimination. Dehydration affects our ability to think clearly and concentrate.3,8Probiotics and fiber can also help to maintain a healthy digestive tract. Probiotics are a type of beneficial bacteria found in the gut.8 But probiotics are also found foods/drinks like yogurt, sauerkraut and kombucha.1,8 Fiber found in fruits and vegetables, nuts, beans and whole grains can positively impact the gut microbiome by feeding the billions of bacteria in our gut.5Overall eating a healthful diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, fiber, antioxidants and water can help maintain a healthy gut microbiome, which in turn will impact your overall mental and physical health! References:8 Greatest Probiotic Foods You Should Be Eating – Dr Axe. Dr. Axe. https://draxe.com/probiotic-foods/. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.12 Healthy Foods High in Antioxidants. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods-high-in-antioxidants. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.Chris Iliades M. The Importance of Water in Your Diet Plan. EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/weight/the-importance-of-water-in-your-diet-plan.aspx.Debra Rose Wilson C. Free radicals: How do they affect the body?. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318652.php. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.Fiber Is Good for You. Now Scientists May Know Why. Nytimes.com. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/01/science/food-fiber-microbiome-inflammation.html. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.https://www.livescience.com/54901-free-radicals.html. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.The Microbiome-Gut-Brain Axis Relies on Your Vagus Nerve. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-athletes-way/201708/the-microbiome-gut-brain-axis-relies-your-vagus-nerve. Published 2019. Accessed May 30, 2019.Smith M, Pate B. Food and Mood. Presentation presented at the: 2019; Rosecrance.
Six pilgrims died and 7 others were injured, when the vehicle they were traveling in veered off the road on Monday morning at Nehrian in Amb area of Una district of Himachal Pradesh. The injured have been admitted in Amb regional hospital. The pilgrims who were coming from Punjab were going to visit the shrine of Baba Barbhag Singh in the morning.The bodies of pilgrims were retrieved from the ravine by the Police and Fire Brigade personnel, said DSP Manoj Jamwal.