Faster through the curves on JR-Central


first_imgINTRO: Since Japanese National Railways was divided into separate companies in 1987, JR-Central has put into service around 600 new vehicles for its 1067mm gauge network that carries over half a million passengers a day. Tilting trains have helped cut journey times on key routesBYLINE: Kazuhiro YoshikawaManager, Rolling Stock DepartmentConventional Lines Operations DivisionCentral Japan Railway CoIN THE 10 YEARS since Japanese National Railways was broken up, JR-Central has worked hard to develop rolling stock for its 1067mm gauge lines that will lift comfort standards, reduce operating costs and permit faster journey times. Running on 12 routes serving central Japan to cities such as Nagoya and Shizuoka, the JR-Central narrow gauge fleet comprises around 1500 vehicles. Of these, 1130 are EMU cars and 240 are DMU vehicles used on the 490route-km of non-electrified track. Every day around 520000 people ride JR-Central’s narrow gauge trains.The first type of train developed independently by JR-Central was the Series 85 Kiha DMU. This was launched on express services in 1989.Powered by two British 350hp engines giving balancing speeds in excess of 100 km/h on gradients of up to 2%, Series 85 had a major impact on Japanese DMU design. The choice of engine was central to the Series 85 development process; power plants from many different countries were assessed against the criteria of high performance and good fuel economy. To combine a maximum speed of 120 km/h with adequate acceleration and deceleration on medium-speed sections in mountainous territory, a torque converter was used to increase the number of gear stages. Power control and gear changing is managed by computer.Right from the start of development work, careful attention was paid to the bodyshell and interior design rather than adopting the latest fashionable shapes and colour schemes. A stainless steel body combining attractive lines with easy maintenance was eventually chosen.Introduction of the Series 85 DMU brought Hida Limited Express journey times down by 41min to 2h 9min, and cut Nanki Limited Express timings by 51min to 3h 22min. Thanks to the shorter timings, traffic on these routes has been steadily increasing.Lower maintenance costsThe Series 373 Limited Express EMU was introduced in 1995, following development work that focused on reducing maintenance costs. The Series 373 is a three-car EMU, to which extra cars can be added if required. A total fleet of 42 Series 373 cars replaced 57 older vehicles, with drive maintenance costs reduced by the adoption of a format of one motor car and two trailers.Class 373 has a monitoring system for equipment that was specified with low maintenance costs in mind. This ensures that the performance of equipment on board the train is checked whenever the train is in use; it monitors the VVVF inverter control and brushless traction motors, the inverter-based auxiliary power supply, contactless master controllers, scroll air compressors, vacuum toilets and electric water pumps.The bogies have been designed so that they are compatible with automated robots.These design features have reduced maintenance costs by 50% compared with earlier types of train. Future rolling stock development is likely to pay even closer attention to lower vehicle life cycle costs.Second generation tilting trainsDeveloped to replace the Series 381, Japan’s first train incorporating passive tilt technology introduced in 1973, the Series 383 EMU first entered service in December 1996. This 1·5 kV DC tilting train was developed to provide faster, more comfortable services, and to be easier to operate.Higher speeds through curves remains an important goal for the railways in Japan, which is a mountainous country. The Class 381 was able to operate at maximum speed on only 16% of the 175 km Nagoya – Shiojiri section of the Chuo line, as 58% of the route is subject to curve-related speed restrictions.Work began in 1989 on improving speeds through curves, concentrating on rail load forces, ride quality and stability in side winds. The fruits of the development programme applied to the Class 383 included a lightweight body with a low centre of gravity, new self-steering bogies and active body tilting.Self-steering bogieJR-Central developed and introduced a self-steering bogie based on the theories of Yoshihiro Suda, an associate professor at Tokyo University. The support stiffness of the leading axle has been made softer than that of the trailing axle, reducing the angle of attack between wheel and rail in curves and cutting load forces applied to the rail. The average reduction in lateral force, which tends to be high on curves with a radius of less than 500m, is around 30%.The support stiffness of the axles in each Series 383 car was initially configured in a soft-hard-soft-hard arrangement, with the first soft axle leading and the configuration reversed when the train changed direction. During test runs with the prototype in 1994, we found that there was no need to make the third axle soft when bolsterless air sprung bogies were used. The axle stiffness configuration was accordingly modified to soft-hard-hard-soft, removing the need to switch the configuration when the train reverses.Designed with a low centre of gravity, the Series 381’s passive body tilting works by centrifugal force. Ride comfort was impaired by the delay in tilting when the train entered a curve and the ’overtilt’ experienced on leaving it.Active tiltSeries 383 has active tilt, with the body smoothly angled by air cylinders following the instructions of an on-board computer programmed with track data (above). The roller guides supporting the body on the Series 381 were replaced on the Series 383 by bearing guides. Series 383 has a maximum speed of 130 km/h and the fastest curving speed of any Japanese narrow gauge train. It can negotiate a 600m radius at 125 km/h, 35 km/h above the usual speed for such a curve. It was put into service on the Shinano Limited Express in December 1996 and has cut 10min from the Nagoya – Nagano run. Tilting services operated with Series 383 EMUs are expected to play an important part in transporting people to and from the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano. oCAPTION: Kiha 85 DMU in use on Limited Express services is powered by Cummins enginesCAPTION: Series 373 three-car EMUs have made an important contribution to cutting JR-Central’s maintenance costslast_img read more

Competition for fewer Gold Coast properties heats up


first_img MORE NEWS: House sells a day after hitting the market Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:35Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:35 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD432p432p288p288p180p180pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenFive things to consider when buying into a regional area01:35 House hunters are out in force and desperate for property on the Gold Coast.House hunters are storming the market in a desperate bid to snap up property that is in short supply across the Gold Coast.Industry experts say the “ferocious” demand is pushing up prices and reducing the number of days properties spend on the market.Real Estate Institute of Queensland Gold Coast zone chairman Andrew Henderson said the limited number of properties up for grabs meant people were reluctant to list their homes.“They can’t find where they want to move to because the options aren’t there,” he said.“Pretty well across the Coast there are a lack of properties for sale.“We really need that momentum of stock to come on the market so we can get that cycle happening again.” MORE NEWS: What you need to know about owning a pool Both Mr Henderson and McGrath Palm Beach co-director Josh Willatt said pushing for a longer settlement period gave sellers more time to find another property.Mr Willatt said that to alleviate people’s concerns over the lack of stock, he advised sellers to go to market and request 90-day settlements.“Then those owners have confidence that they can put cash offers on other properties to trump those other buyers that aren’t doing that.”Mr Willatt said prospective buyers were “ferocious”, with dozens attending open homes and auctions.He recently sold a Burleigh Waters property at 1/24 Wagtail Court for $696,000, $66,000 above the listing price. Heavy rain wasn’t enough to stop more than 50 groups of people from attending its open home.More from news02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa8 hours ago02:37Gold Coast property: Sovereign Islands mega mansion hits market with $16m price tag1 day ago The Burleigh Waters residence at 1/24 Wagtail Court fetched $66,000 more than its listing price.“If owners have got a good property in a good location and have presented it well, they’re really reaping the rewards.”Kingfisher Realty founder Conal Martin said Burleigh Heads and Burleigh Waters were particularly popular.A property in Acanthus Ave sold for $2.3 million while an almost 50-year-old house in Sandpiper Drive fetched $1.2 million despite both not being on the market.“I’ve been in the property business in Burleigh since 2001 and I’ve never seen it this hungry,” he said.“On the back of last year’s Federal Election and three interest rate drops, the market has just gone bang.“Better still, it has more sustainable growth than previous ‘booms’ as it is being driven by realmoney.“A lot of people in real estate say ‘don’t mention the GFC’ but it forced the industry to clean up and banks are no longer simply throwing money at people.” However, he said selling first gave vendors an advantage when it came to buying another property, especially if they had competition.“Your best bargaining power is always being a cash buyer,” he said.With no subject to sale or finance conditions, Mr Henderson said sellers were more likely to accept cash offers.last_img read more

Mitsubishi shows interest in Novatek’s Arctic LNG 2 project


first_imgLNG World News Staff Japan’s Mitsubishi Corporation voiced its interest in the Arctic LNG 2 project, Russia’s largest independent natural gas producer Novatek is developing at a projected cost of $25.5 billion. The company’s CEO Akihiko Takadu confirmed the interest during a meeting with the head of Russian oil and gas production and transportation department within the ministry of energy.In its statement, the ministry noted talks focused on the implementation of existing projects in which the Russia and Japan cooperate, especially the Sakhalin-2 and Yamal LNG, as well as Mitsubishi’s participation in the Arctic LNG 2 project.Novatek has already agreed a 10 percent stake sale to France’s Total and is looking to sell an additional 30 percent share in the project to cover the projected project cost.The Arctic LNG 2 project envisages constructing three LNG trains at 6.6 million tons per annum each, using gravity-based structure (GBS) platforms. The project is based on the hydrocarbon resources of the Utrenneye field.Novatek has also awarded the contract to a Saipem and Renaissance joint venture to build three liquefaction trains with a 6.6 million tons per annum capacity each.last_img read more

Mike Tyson backs Wilder’s decision to call immediate rematch with Fury


first_img Loading… Mike Tyson believes Deontay Wilder is right to call an immediate rematch with Tyson Fury despite his convincing defeat to the British heavyweight last month. Tyson Fury, left, and Deontay Wilder are expected to square off for a third time in July at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas Fury stripped Wilder of his WBC title in a remarkable performance that saw the Bronze Bomber’s team throw the towel in during the seventh round. Wilder and Fury’s trilogy fight has been pencilled in for July, providing sport has resumed by then amid the coronavirus crisis, and Tyson offered some advice to his fellow American ahead of the third clash. He told the Sportsman: ‘[Wilder] has to go right back in, right away. ‘Get yourself healthy, your head right, and get back in the ring.’ Tyson is a self-declared fan of the Gypsy King and was leaning towards his name-sake before the original rematch. Fight fans were hoping to see Fury go to war with Anthony Joshua in a unification battle that would crown an undisputed champion.Advertisement Promoted ContentWho Earns More Than Ronaldo?Who Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?The Funniest Prankster Grandma And Her GrandsonBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadeYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The WorldThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read More6 Interesting Ways To Make Money With A DroneMind-Bending Technology That Was Predicted Before It AppearedA Hurricane Can Be As Powerful As 10 Atomic BombsThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s Hysterical10 Big Movie Stars Who Got Famous Thanks To Soap Operascenter_img Wilder was beaten by a superb Fury (Picture: Reuters) Joshua has his own fight booked against Kubrat Pulev and after relentless speculation that a unification showdown was in the works, Fury’s team released a statement denying recent reports. Fury’s management MTK Global and promotional companies Top Rank and Queensbury Promotions said: ‘Due to the publication of a number of misleading and misrepresentative statements and articles made by third parties relating to Tyson Fury, the following statement is made jointly by MTK Global, Top Rank and Queensberry Promotions. ‘Tyson Fury is the globally recognised number one heavyweight in the world and the current Lineal, WBC and Ring Magazine champion. Tyson is contracted to a third fight with former WBC world champion Deontay Wilder. MORE: BOXING WBC responds to new Tyson Fury drug ban allegations Tyson Fury’s ex-trainer mocks glove conspiracy theorists defending Deontay Wilder Tyson Fury cornerman responds to glove tampering conspiracy vs Deontay Wilder ‘Any statement made regarding negotiations, talks, venues or any other bout should be disregarded. Read Also:Tyson Fury’s gloves ‘didn’t look right’, says Charles Martin ‘Any updates regarding future fights will only be made through official channels, and we will continue to deliver boxing fans the biggest and best fights involving The Gypsy King.’ FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more

UTV registration to start Monday


first_imgGreensburg, IN—Starting this Monday, May 4, the Greensburg Police Department will be registering UTV’s for the City of Greensburg. Registrations will be done by appointment only.If you live in the City of Greensburg, residents can either bring the UTV to the Greensburg Police Department or an inspection can be done at your residence by appointment. If you live in Decatur County the inspection will need to be done at the Greensburg Police Department by appointment.The following will be required to pass inspection:1. VIN Number Present2. Make and Model of UTV3. Proof of Insurance4. Proof of Registration through the BMV5. Payment Fee of $35.00The ordinance will be provided during the registration. If plates are not available at the time of registration, a paper plate will be given for your record until the plates arrive.If you have any questions, please contact the Greensburg Police Department at 812.663.3131.last_img read more

Santos leaves Arsenal


first_img The 30-year-old Brazil international returns to the club where he had a short period on loan earlier in his career after spending two seasons with Arsenal. He joined the Gunners from Turkish side Fenerbahce in August 2011 and made 33 appearances in total with Arsene Wenger’s side. Arsenal left-back Andre Santos has joined Brazilian side Flamengo in a permanent deal, the Barclays Premier League club have announced on their website. The attacking full-back, who cost Arsenal £6.8million, was sidelined by a knee injury for a spell during his first campaign at the Emirates Stadium, during which he made 21 appearances in all competitions, scoring three goals. Last season he played 12 times for the north London outfit before falling down the pecking order behind England left-back Kieran Gibbs. Then, following the £8.5million signing of Spaniard Nacho Monreal on the final day of January’s transfer window, he joined Brazilian side Gremio on loan for the rest of the 2012/13 campaign. He has now returned to the Campeonato Brasileiro with Flamengo, who he played 22 matches for while on loan from Figueirense during the 2005/06 season. Santos has also played for Corinthians and Atletico Mineiro in his homeland. Arsenal said in a statement on their website: “Everybody at Arsenal would like to thank Andre for his contribution to the club and wish him well for his future career.” center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

Riyad Mahrez’s hat-trick sinks Swansea


first_imgLeicester returned to the top of the Barclays Premier League with a handsome 3-0 victory at Swansea – and this time they did not even need a Jamie Vardy goal to do it. Press Association Riyad Mahrez was the Foxes’ hero with his first hat-trick in English football and the manner of Swansea’s defeat will raise further questions about manager Garry Monk’s position, whose side have now taken only six points from the last 33 on offer. Having set a Premier League record of scoring in 11 consecutive matches, Vardy was out to match the best top-flight mark of 12 successive games set nearly 84 years ago. Irishman Joe Dunne scored in 12 in a row for Sheffield United between October 1931 and January 1932 and Vardy’s best chance to equal that mark came when he bore down on goalkeeper Lukasz Fabianski after 15 minutes. But Fabianski saved smartly and Vardy took a backseat for once as Mahrez took his tally for Premier League goals this season into double figures. It was a hugely impressive performance from Leicester, who made the most of Manchester City’s earlier defeat at Stoke to reclaim top spot, and on this evidence they can stay there for a good while yet. Claudio Ranieri’s side were so disciplined at the back that Swansea failed to muster a single shot on target until the final 15 minutes, Danny Drinkwater and N’Golo Kante were supreme in midfield and the pace of Mahrez and Vardy proved unstoppable. Leicester were ahead after five minutes when Kyle Bartley needlessly conceded a corner and Swansea failed to deal with Marc Albrighton’s delivery. Leonardo Ulloa made a nuisance of himself at the near-post and the ball appeared to strike Mahrez on the arm before squeezing past Lukasz Fabianski – Leicester scoring for the 16th consecutive Premier League game. The early lead was perfect for Leicester to utilise their pace on the counter-attack, even if Swansea failed to help themselves with some questionable defending and their failure to retain possession. Bartley was at fault again when his careless kick gave Vardy the opportunity to match Dunne’s record but, for once, the England man was unable to accept a one-on-opportunity as Fabianski stood firm. But Leicester’s second arrived after 22 minutes with Mahrez again benefiting from a decision in his favour. The Algerian appeared a yard offside when he raced onto N’Golo Kante’s pass but he made no mistake to stroke the ball past Fabianski. Mahrez should have completed his hat-trick moments later but Fabianski saved well this time and the Poland goalkeeper was relieved to see Ulloa flash an effort inches wide before the break after an Ashley Williams error. Swansea needed to respond quickly after the interval and Ki Sung-yueng met Gylfi Sigurdsson’s free-kick within two minutes of the re-start to strike the crossbar with a header. But the game was settled after 68 minutes when Kante strode 40 yards unchallenged to find Vardy, who unselfishly laid the ball off for Mahrez to finish in style. Vardy had late chances to equal Dunne’s record before Bafetimbi Gomis finally brought a save out of Kasper Schmeichel and Sigurdsson struck a post. But Swansea are very much in a relegation battle as Leicester march on. TWEET OF THE MATCH “Mahrez hat-trick….or did I just nod off and dream it?” – Former Leicester City striker Gary Lineker’s reaction to Riyad Mahrez’s hat-trick. PLAYER RATINGS Swansea Lukasz Fabianski: 6 (out of 10) Kyle Naughton: 4 Ashley Williams: 5 Kyle Bartley: 4 Neil Taylor: 5 Leon Britton: 6 Ki Sung-yueng: 4 Wayne Routledge: 5 Andre Ayew: 5 Gylfi Sigurdsson: 6 Bafetimbi Gomis: 4 Substitutes Jefferson Montero (on for Routledge 46mins): 5 Modou Barrow (on for Britton 63mins): 5 Jack Cork (on for Ki 78mins): 5 Leicester Kasper Schmeichel: 7 Danny Simpson: 7 Wes Morgan: 7 Robert Huth: 7 Christian Fuchs: 7 Danny Drinkwater: 8 N’Golo Kante: 8 Marc Albrighton: 7 Riyad Mahrez: 9 Leonard Ulloa: 7 Jamie Vardy: 8 Substitutes Andy King (on for Ulloa 87mins): 6 Jeffrey Schlupp (on for Mahrez 90mins): 6 STAR MAN RIYAD MAHREZ: Stepped out of Jamie Vardy’s goal-scoring shadow to claim his first hat-trick in English football. Easy to forget how good he has been this season due to Vardy’s record-equalling exploits, but the Algerian now has 10 Premier League goals this season and his pace and movement frightens the best defenders. MOMENT OF THE MATCH Mahrez’s third goal was Leicester at their best – scorching pace on the break and a ruthless finish to match. N’Golo Kante showed great power as he strode 40 yards through the Swansea midfield. Kante laid the ball off to Vardy who showed an unselfish side to his game to find Mahrez, and the finish low past Fabianski put the cherry on Leicester’s cake. VIEW FROM THE BENCH Swansea manager Garry Monk cut a forlorn figure as his employment prospects took another turn for the worse. Monk said last weekend’s improved performance in defeat at Liverpool had helped them turn a corner, but Swansea were rudderless as Leicester cut them apart time and again in the first half. Leicester boss Claudio Ranieri, however, must feel everything is right in the world as his Foxes returned to the top of the table – even without Vardy finding the target for once. MOAN OF THE MATCH Just what has happened to Swansea’s style and panache which took them to a best eighth place in the Premier League last season with a record points total? Manager Monk was touted as a future England boss a few short months ago, but Swansea have completely lost their way and his chances of staying in the job now appear to be very much hanging in the balance. WHO’S UP NEXT? Man City v Swansea (Premier League, December 12) Leicester v Chelsea (Premier League, December 14) last_img read more

Mark Urges Eagles to Fly over Algeria


first_imgFormer President of the Senate Senator David Mark has tasked the Super Eagles of Nigeria not let anything to chance in their World Cup Qualifying match against Algeria on Saturday .Senator Mark said the Eagles new squad look very promising but reminded them that the new spirit should manifest in victory over their Algerian counterparts.Speaking when former African Queen of the Tracks Mary Onyali led Nigeria Olympic Fund Management committee visited him in Abuja yesterday, Senator Mark urged the Super Eagles to prove that Nigeria is truly the giant of Africa in all ramifications. According to Mark : ” We have all the talents . All we need to do is to harness the talents to make them effective and positively productive. We just have no excuse not to qualify for the World Cup with the abundant human and material resources “.On the 2020 Russia Olympics, Senator Mark said the antidote to the nation’s poor outing in the past is early preparation, promising to do every thing possible to make sports an integral part of our national life.He said sports should as a matter of deliberate policy be a strategic cardinal part of our life because besides sports nothing else unites us a people.Senator Mark acknowledges that sports requires huge investments beyond government funding . He therefore urged corporate organizations to help develop sports as part of their corporate-social responsibility .Earlier, the Technical Director of Nigeria Olympic management fund Mary Onyali said the organisation was borne out of the need to raise funds, facilities and train Nigerian Athletes to compete and win medals for the nation at international meets.The former African Queen of the tracks said she is passionate about the nation’s athletes winning laurels for the nation saying that sports have gone beyond mere entertainment to being a yardstick to measure a country’s global rating and respect .Onyali requested governments at all levels to provide enabling environment for sports development in Nigeria stressing that many of the youths involves in vices would be captured through sports.The Chief Executive officer of the Nigeria Olympic management fund, Mr.Olajide Fashikun explained that the organisation will help promote sports and discover talents for international meets and ultimately curb the syndrome of late preparations for local and international competitions.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

African Tour: Torgah Seeks Third Memorare Title


first_imgVincent Torgah By Olawale Ajimotokan in AbujaVincent Torgah will be itching to claim the Memorare for a third time when the tournament tees off at the Arsenal Golf Club, Owerri from March 20- 23.The Ghanaian made light work of his title defence last year by grinding a combined score of eight under par enroute to victory. He will also be aiming to consolidate his position as the leader of the Order of Merit on the African Tour by notching up his second official title in the season.The 36-year – old player began the season on a high note by winning the Eko Challenge Cup at Lakowe Golf Estate, Lagos with a gross score of 18 under par.The Memorare is one of the 16 tournaments on the schedule of the African Tour for 2019. It will be played as a 72-hole event and will attract 40 top flight professional players, drawn from Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Ghana, Spain, Ghana and Gabon among others.Sunday Olapade, Nigeria; Visitor Mapwanya, Zimbabwe; Franscico Perez, Spain; Mike Ubi, Nigeria and Emos Korblah, Ghana are some of the players that will contend in Owerri.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

Panel discusses the implications of diversity in the classroom


first_imgSpurred by the removal of the diversity requirement from the General Education curriculum beginning Fall 2015, the USC Department of American Studies and Ethnicity held a forum Wednesday evening to discuss diversity on campus. Panelists included Vice Provost for Undergraduate Programs Gene Bickers, Vice Dean for Academic Programs Steven Lamy, ASE Associate Professor Shana Redmond, Interim ASE Chair Viet Thanh Nguyen, ASE graduate student Emily Raymundo and Undergraduate Student Government President Rini Sampath.“In short, this topic is critical to any definition of ethnic studies or American studies,” Nguyen said in an email to students. “It’s crucial to our intellectual work as scholars. It’s crucial to our pedagogical work as teachers and students. We have a great deal invested in how this University (mis)understands diversity and how it plans to deal with it.”Bickers began the discussion by introducing the history of the GE requirements, saying that the former diversity requirement came about in GE requirements from the 1990s. According to Bickers, the language of the requirement recognized that students will need to “grapple” with increasing diversity in their lives.The University’s accreditation is reviewed every decade, with the most recent review occurring in 2011, shortly after the appointment of President C. L. Max Nikias. In response to recommendations by the accreditation board, USC began an effort to revise its GE program. After a multi-year effort, new requirements were unveiled that took effect for students entering the university in the fall semester 2015 and were, according to Bickers, very similar to the GE programs at Stanford and Yale.According to Lamy, the diversity requirement was not removed from the new GE program, but instead was revised and expanded with a new requirement for courses in “Citizenship in a Global Era.”“It’s a balancing act, and the attempt was to put the emphasis on issues that every person should grapple with,” Bickers said. “What’s missing — because it’s called global perspectives — is the label, ‘diversity,’” Lamy said.Lamy, who is also an international relations professor, pointed out that one of his classes, which explores issues that affect the world, would not have been included in the old diversity requirement but is included in the new global perspectives requirement.After Bickers and Lamy explained the background of the GE program, the conversation focused more closely on diversity as an educational tenet.“The importance of a diversity requirement is not solely about representation,” Redmond said. Redmond also said that diversity requirements are as important as foreign language requirements and that “all educational institutions should not only include these courses as requirements, but build their entire curriculum around them.”Raymundo bemoaned the disappearance of the word “diversity” from the GE program, saying that “without that important word diversity, [we’re] led to broad categories” that don’t emphasize the subject. All Dornsife classes, she said, should address diversity in some sort of rigorous way.Sampath said she has only had two female professors even though she is only six units away from graduating. In response to an audience member who mentioned learning about one’s heritage, Sampath argued that it’s important to learn from diverse educators.She added that as an international relations major, she was saddened to see that the faculty of the IR department all “look the same.”Audience member Nikita Johri, a junior majoring in cognitive science and international relations, observed that for many of her friends, GE requirements are just a “checkmark” to be filled on the way to a degree. She felt that diversity and other GE requirements should be deeply embedded in any student’s education.“I think it’s important to think of the impact that these classes are having on our students,” Johri said.Toward the end of the forum, Nguyen asked the audience for ideas of action that could be offered to Provost Michael Quick. Suggestions included, but are not limited to: a campaign to hire more diverse faculty, including diversity in STEM courses, requiring faculty to be informed on diversity and reinstating the diversity requirement.ASE Associate Professor Francille Wilson, while critical of the lack of a diversity requirement, praised the fact that such a forum took place.“I want to applaud the undergraduate and graduate students for holding the faculty and administration’s feet to the fire,” Wilson said.last_img read more