first_imgA new funding programme of €15m to facilitate the participation of children with special educational needs in pre-school education is a hugely welcome announcement made in today’s budget according to Avril McMonagle, Manager of Donegal County Childcare.She says that for the first time, this funding will enable equality of access for children with special educational needs in mainstream early childhood services – something that has long been a problem in Donegal. In addition, the introduction of 2 weeks statutory paternity leave from September next year is also a positive step forward for fathers.However, Ms McMonagle cautioned that the announcement of a second free pre-school year for children – although going in the right direction, is not the most targeted means of supporting working families at a time when no earlier supports are in place. She said: “Although the initial optics of this measure are undoubtedly positive, as a labour activation measure to assist women in particular, it does little to help with the poverty trap some working parents with young children currently find themselves in as reported by the Donegal County Childcare Indecon report on Supporting Working Families.“In the absence of an extension to maternity leave or income relief on childcare costs, a second free pre-school year would only be beneficial to this cohort of parents if children were born aged 3 years.“Unfortunately the glaring gap between when maternity leave ends when a child is 6 months old and when the free pre-school entitlement begins at three years old – falls far short of meaningful supports for working parents which are so critically needed.“The early childcare care and education scheme is extremely limited in that it only provides three free hours per day for 38 weeks per year leaving full time working parents with a significant cost burden for the remainder. As there is already a culture of sending children to school aged four – especially in rural Donegal where schools require enrolment numbers to retain pupil teacher ratios. As this will still present the most cost effective measure for hard pressed working parents, the additional year is unlikely to have much of an impact.There is also a huge question around the capacity of current services in Donegal to physically facilitate a second year in existing premises without a capital fund to build extensions to current premises. “Of particular concern is that this measure will force childcare providers in Donegal to move away from providing childcare services for children under 3 years old and move towards the more cost efficient provision for older children only. This may create accessibility problems and further force parents towards the unregulated childcare market.”Additional Information … Childcare Budget AnnouncementsDCYA 1.1 billion for childcare package• Extension of the ECCE scheme- all children from 3 years to 5.5 years or until they start school• A range of quality measures including audits, inspections, training and increased capitation levels• 15m for children with SEN to access ECCE• 8,000 additional places for CCS• 3m to deliver School Age Childcare (delivered in existing school buildings)• €5 increase in child benefit• 2 weeks paid paternity leave from September 2016.BUDGET 2016: DONEGAL CHILDCARE GROUP BOSS EXPRESSES CONCERNS was last modified: October 13th, 2015 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:budget 2016childcaredonegallast_img read more

How to Name a Protoplanet

first_imgPallas has long been classified as an asteroid, but all of a sudden in the news media, everyone is calling it a protoplanet.  How did it get promoted?    The picture being painted of asteroid 2 Pallas is that of a planetary building block that failed in its attempt to grow into another real planet.  Space.com called it a “planet wannabee.”  BBC News called it a “Peter Pan rock” that wouldn’t grow up.  And PhysOrg announced confidently, “Study of first high-resolution images of Pallas confirms asteroid is actually a protoplanet.”  That was the occasion; Hubble Space Telescope pictures of Pallas have been organized into a 3-D representation that shows the object is almost spherical.  Spectral data show hydrated minerals that might indicate the presence of water ice in its past.    On a related topic, New Scientist reported that studies of another asteroid, 24 Themis, reveal the possibility of water ice – a surprise, because the ice should be evaporating at rate of a meter a year.  Looking for a way to explain that, scientists think it may be leftover ice from a parent body that broke up.  The article turned that bad news into good news: a collision suggests that Earth might have received its ocean water from a stray ice-endowed asteroid or comet.    The BBC article explained the thinking behind the “Peter Pan” designation for Pallas.  “Theory holds that planets grow from aggregations of the dust and rock found circling new-born stars.  Collisions between clumps of material produce progressively bigger objects.”Question.  Why must our minds be forced into the bottom-up picture when interpreting images of space objects?  While it is true that objects of a certain mass can attract other objects and continue to grow, it is not true, despite the BBC claim, that dust and rock will aggregate into protoplanets.  And collisions are more likely to disrupt and fragment bodies than make them grow (think, for example of the recent discovery of the Phoebe Ring around Saturn: 10/07/2009, and what New Scientist admitted about Themis).  Why is it that the news media force these thought patterns on their readers with suggestive headlines and one-sided presentations?  Did they interview Pallas and ask it, “Tell us, why did you decide to stay an adolescent, and not grow up into an adult planet?”    Let’s think out of the box.  Think top-down.  There was a set of original planets, moons and bodies operating as a well-crafted system.  Since then, they have been perturbing each other, with collisions forming numerous craters.  Some collisions were violent enough to disrupt bodies into asteroids.  Others have been colliding and eroding to form planetary rings.  The top-down view has an advantage: it fits one of the best-known laws of science: the second law of thermodynamics.    With this view, we can change the terminology in the news reports.  Pallas is no longer to be seen as a planet wannabee.  It’s a casualty of the battlefield.  It isn’t a building block, but wreckage.  It’s not a protoplanet; it’s a post-planet.  It isn’t Peter Pan; it’s the Born Loser.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Why do some airliners have windshield wipers and others do not?

first_imgKeeping airliner windshields clear today is a far cry from the early piston era when pans of alcohol mounted above the instrument panel were lit on fire to prevent windshield icing. Windshield wipers, still in use even on the Boeing 747, are highly effective at sweeping rain and snow away from aircraft windshields, but with the higher speeds of jets, other innovative methods were employed to maintain good pilot visibility during approaches and departures in bad weather. The biggest single advance was using heated high-pressure bleed air ducted from the aircraft’s engines to cover the windshield with a protective layer of hot air to prevent ice from building-up on the glass.Other methods for maintaining pilot visibility in bad weather include electrically-heated wires imbedded in the windshield, thin sheets of alcohol dispersed externally on the windshield, or a combination of trusty windshield wipers augmented by a rain-dispersing agent. Another factor in anti-icing and rain dispersal is the design of the windshield itself. The current Boeing 737 windshield, in use since 1954, has six perfectly flat panes of glass. Newer wide-body airliners have compound-curved windshields with entirely different airflow characteristics for mitigating ice accumulation and rain.last_img read more

Vicente blasts UE starters after blowout loss to UST

first_imgJohn Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH MOST READ 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises UE lost to the Lady Maroons in five sets, 25-19, 25-13, 21-25, 16-25, 15-8, in a game Vicente wanted his team to build on.“We should’ve been more inspired in this game considering what we’ve been through in our first,” said Vicente. “The players just need to have the mindset that the moment they step on the floor they would give it their all.” Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “They just allow the ball to drop wherever UST sends it. What I did in the third set was put in the players who really wanted to win, maybe we could’ve gotten at least a set.”Come the third set, Vicente had reserves Geline Olarve, Katrina Sta. Maria, Lialyn Manabat and Laizah Bendong in the late stretches.READ: Rondina asserts authority in UST’s closeout of UECherry Rondina, however, wasn’t having none of Vicente’s player rotations and scored UST’s match-point and game-clincher.Vicente added UE should’ve put more of an inspired fight against the Golden Tigresses after the Lady Warriors came off with a near win in their first game of the season against University of the Philippines.ADVERTISEMENT Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Zark’s-Lyceum crushes Mila’s Lechon by 47 for 5th straight win LATEST STORIES Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments AFP official booed out of forum Read Next It is still early in the tournament but University of the East is already in disarray.ADVERTISEMENT The Lady Warriors are off to a disappointing 0-2 start in the UAAP Season 80 women’s volleyball tournament, with their latest loss coming in a straight set defeat to University of Santo Tomas, 25-17, 25-15, 25-21.Head coach Francis Vicente said the only positive thing he got out of their loss to the Golden Tigresses was that his bench players have the attitude to try and win games, something that his starters unfortunately lacked.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutREAD; UST recovers from opening day loss, blanks UE for first win“The starters tend to relax too much, they can’t control their own confidence or that they are too confident in themselves,” said Vicente in Filipino Wednesday at Filoil Flying V Centre.last_img read more

Ravindra Jadeja elated after India thrash Sri Lanka in Colombo Test

first_imgRavindra Jadeja picked up his ninth five-wicket haul to help India thrash Sri Lanka by an innings and 53 runs in the second Test and secure the three-match series 2-0 at Colombo.Batting first, India declared their first innings on 622 for nine and dismissed Sri Lanka for 183 and enforced the follow-on, commanding a 439-run lead. Sri Lanka performed better in the second innings but couldn’t prevent an innings defeat when they were bowled out for 386.WATCH FULL VIDEOJadeja, who was named Man of the Match, finished with 5/152 and collected seven wickets in the match.”In the first innings, the ball wasn’t turning when we were batting. But then it started turning from the middle part of the wicket,” Jadeja said at the post match presentation ceremony.Dimuth Karunaratne (141) and Kusal Mendis (110) scored centuries for Sri Lanka in their second innings.Jadeja was all praise for Mendis but credited teammates for playing “good cricket”.”(Kusal) Mendis played very well, played some brilliant shots. As a team, I think we also played good cricket. If the batsman is playing sweep regularly, it’s always a challenge. We have to change the line and lengths,” he said.Jadeja on Saturday became the second fastest Indian to reach 150 Test wickets, behind teammate Ravichandran Ashwin, when he bowled Dhananjay de Silva in Sri Lanka’s first innings.Ashwin had reached the milestone in 29 Tests while Jadeja managed it in 32 games.Former spin greats Erapalli Prasanna and Anil Kumble had taken 150 wickets in 34 Tests while Harbhajan Singh reached there in 35 Tests.advertisementHe also became the fastest Indian left-arm spinner to reach 150 wickets, ahead of Vinoo Mankad (40 Tests), Bishan Bedi (41 Tests) and Ravi Shastri (78 Tests).last_img read more