Twenty-seven women journalists held in appalling conditions


first_imgNews Read in Russian / Читать на русскомAs more and more women take up journalism, so too have women journalists increasingly been the victims of ruthless persecution by authoritarian regimes. According to RSF’s tally, of the 334 journalists in prison at the end of February, 27 of them – or 8% – were women. Five years ago, only 3% of imprisoned journalists were women.These women journalists are being held by nine countries. Iran and China are the two largest  jailers of women journalists, with seven held in each country. They are followed by Turkey which – despite freeing the famous Kurdish journalist and artist Zehra Doğan two weeks ago – continues to detain four other women journalists. Saudi Arabia is holding three women journalists, Vietnam two and Egypt, Bahrain, Syria, and Nicaragua are each holding one.Targeted for what they write, charged with the worst crimesAlthough targeted by the authorities because of their articles or social network posts, these women  are usually held on charges of “terrorist propaganda” or “membership of a terrorist group,” as in Turkey and Egypt, or for “suspicious contacts with foreign entities,” as in Saudi Arabia. Although vague and unsubstantiated, allegations of this kind are used to impose long jail terms.In Iran, journalist and human rights defender Narges Mohammadi and Paineveste blog editor Hengameh Shahidi were sentenced to 10 and 12 years in prison respectively on charges of “conspiring against national security and the Islamic Republic” and “insulting” the head of the judicial system. Roya Saberi Negad Nobakht, who has British and Iranian dual citizenship, initially received a 20-year prison sentence in 2014 for her Facebook posts. It was later reduced to five years.Life sentencesSome countries have no reservations about imposing the longest possible prison terms in order to silence outspoken voices. This is the case in China. Gulmira Imin, a member of the Uyghur Muslim community and editor of the news website Salkin, was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2010 on charges of “separatism” and “divulging state secrets.”A well-known 74-year-old journalist, Nazlı Ilıcak, received the same sentence in Turkey for taking part in a TV broadcast critical of the government on the eve of an abortive coup attempt in July 2016. She and two male colleagues, the Altan brothers, were sentenced to “aggravated” imprisonment for life, the harshest form of isolation, with no furloughs and no possibility of a pardon.“Twenty-seven woman journalists are currently deprived of their freedom because of what they wrote or because they spoke out courageously,” RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “They are spared nothing. They are often the victims of disproportionate and iniquitous sentences. They are subjected to the most appalling prison conditions, like their male colleagues, and they are sometimes also tortured and harassed sexually. We call for their immediate release and we urge the United Nations to take up these cases.”“Inhumane” conditionsWomen, like their male colleagues, are liable to be subjected to extremely harsh prison conditions. Lucía Pineda Ubau, the news director of the Nicaraguan TV news channel 100% Noticias, spent 41 days in Managua’s El Chipote high-security prison before being transferred to a women’s prison at the end of December. The conditions in El Chipote, where the former Somoza family dictatorship used to torture its political prisoners, are “inhumane,” according to José Inácio Faria, a Portuguese MEP who visited Pineda there.Tran Thi Nga, a Vietnamese blogger who defended migrant workers, was held incommunicado for more than six months after her arrest, until finally sentenced to nine years in prison on a charge of “anti-state propaganda” in a one-day trial on July 25, 2017. She was denied phone calls and visits for nearly a year because she “refused to admit her guilt.” Her lawyer, who was only able to meet her once before the trial, voiced alarm about her state of health, which he said was worsening steadily.In Iran detainees are constantly denied proper medical care, whether in Gerchak, one of the country’s worst prisons, where three women who worked for the Sufi website Majzooban Noor – Sepideh Moradi, Avisha Jalaledin and Shima Entesari – are serving five-year jail sentences, or in Tehran’s notorious Evin prison. Women journalists detained in Iran often stage dangerous hunger strikes in protest against prison conditions, including the lack of adequate medical attention.Several UN reports have confirmed that Iranian female detainees fall sick more often than male detainees. The situation of female detainees is aggravated by the segregation of men and women imposed by Iran’s ultra-conservative society and the traditional hatred towards intellectuals and the Islamic regime’s critics.“Health conditions are bad enough for the men but the lack of hygiene in prison is even more terrible and problematic for the women,” said Narges Mohammadi’s husband, Taghi Rahmani.Tortured, humiliated and sexually harassedThey are spared none of the worst forms of mistreatment. In China, Gulmira Imin was tortured and forced to sign documents without being able to see her lawyer. For women, physical torture is compounded by the threat of rape and sexual harassment.According to the family of Shorouq Amjad Ahmed al Sayed, a young photojournalist arrested in Egypt on April 25, 2018, she was beaten unconscious, insulted, and threatened with rape until the she made the confession sought by her interrogators —  namely that she had created a website with the aim of endangering public order and belonged to the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.There is a great deal of concern about two Saudi women citizen-journalists, Eman al Nafjan, who blogged as Saudiwoman, and Nouf Abdulaziz Al Jerawi, who wrote for The Arab Noon and other websites. According to the Saudi human rights NGO Al-Qst, they were among several women’s rights activists who were tortured following arrest in the spring of 2018, some of whom were also harassed sexually, made to undress, and photographed naked while forced to embrace other female detainees.Disappeared in detentionThe Saudi authorities have not yet said what charges are being brought against Nafjan and Jerawi. Six other women journalists are currently being held without trial in other parts of the world. In some cases, their families have lost all contact with them. In China, no one knows what has become of three women citizen-journalists, Zhang Jixin, Qin Chao and Li Zhaoxiu, who were arrested in 2015, 2016, and 2017 respectively.The Syrian blogger Tal al-Mallouhi has also disappeared in detention. As she was sentenced to five years in prison in 2011, she should have been released a long time ago. She was last seen alive in 2016 when she was transferred to the state security prison in Damascus. The world’s youngest detained women journalist at the time of her arrest in December 2009, when she was still 18, she is now one of the longest held behind bars. News News RSF_en As the world marks International Women’s Day, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) points out that 27 women journalists are currently detained around the world. Some are being held in inhuman conditions. Some have been the victims of torture and sexual harassment. RSF calls for their immediate and unconditional release. IranChinaTurkeyVietnamNicaraguaSaudi ArabiaBahrainEgyptSyriaMiddle East – North Africa Asia – PacificEurope – Central AsiaAmericas Condemning abusesProtecting journalists ImprisonedWomenImpunityJudicial harassment Related documents cp_zhenshyn-zhurnalystov_arestovanyi.pdfPDF – 138.79 KB RSF joins Middle East and North Africa coalition to combat digital surveillance News Follow the news on Middle East – North Africa to go furthercenter_img Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 Help by sharing this information June 8, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists IranChinaTurkeyVietnamNicaraguaSaudi ArabiaBahrainEgyptSyriaMiddle East – North Africa Asia – PacificEurope – Central AsiaAmericas Condemning abusesProtecting journalists ImprisonedWomenImpunityJudicial harassment March 6, 2019 – Updated on March 7, 2019 Twenty-seven women journalists held in appalling conditions June 3, 2021 Find out more Organisation June 9, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Underdogs to top dogs


first_imgWhen time expired at Founders Field in Pittsburgh on May 1, the USA Rugby 2011 Women’s Division II College Championship belonged to the Radcliffe Rugby Football Club (RRFC). Players flooded onto the pitch in the raw weather to celebrate their upset victory over Notre Dame. Many wept as they formed a scrum of joy and embraced their teammates three or four at a time.“We ran together shouting, crying, hugging,” says Evan Hoese ’11, most valuable player of the championship tournament. “There was so much emotion on the field. We just wanted to be together.”Most observers probably wouldn’t have predicted such amazing success for a team whose future seemed uncertain only a few years ago. As a Harvard club sport, RRFC faced the perennial challenge of fundraising, made more difficult because of the recession. The team was also responsible for its own logistics and transportation to places as far flung as Kissimmee, Fla., and Randall’s Island, N.Y. Coach Bryan Hamlin says that recruitment was a concern when he came on board, but the players’ toughness and perseverance allowed them overcome the obstacles and build a thriving program.“When I first began coaching this team, the numbers were very bad and there was a chance the club would fold,” says Hamlin. “We worked hard and soon participation picked up. Now we have a strong program and we are heading into the Division I Ivy League conference, ready to face the challenges that will be presented to us.”As things stabilized, the team started winning. RRFC qualified for the 2011 national championship tournament on April 3 after beating a tough Boston University squad to which it had lost earlier in the season. Even then, the program got little respect from tournament organizers. Radcliffe drew a low seed and, thus, an early round match with one of the best teams in the country: the Norwich University Cadets, who had beaten the Harvard women earlier in the year. Oddly enough, it was this loss that convinced Hamlin his team could contend for a national title, he said.“At that time, Norwich was the No. 1 team in the country,” he says. “Although we lost the game, we had the more skilled team; we just didn’t have the fitness. It was a close game but Norwich ran away with it in the final 15 minutes. From that moment I knew we had the potential to win a national championship.”The team was in top condition for its tournament match with Norwich in mid-April. Trailing at halftime, Radcliffe rallied and pulled away for a 22-7 win. Next up was a semifinal game in Pittsburgh with Western Washington, another top-ranked school. Again, the fitness and stifling defense of the Harvard women were the difference as they trounced their opponent, 32-14.“Western Washington proved to be a very worthy adversary,” says Megan Verlage ’13. “They stayed neck and neck with us the majority of the game, but broke because we kept them under constant pressure until the very end.”The final test came against Notre Dame, a physically imposing team ranked No. 3 in the country. The Radcliffe ruggers were relaxed and confident. Hoese says that she visualized the team’s success for days before the match with Notre Dame and couldn’t wait to get on the field.“All I could think about was the championship,” she says. “I imagined breaking through the line, knocking the other team back, big hits, and a wall of defense. I was so excited and also proud of the upcoming game and how far we’d come. I felt calm. I knew we could win.”At first, Radcliffe had trouble shutting the Irish down and the game stayed close. The Cliffies kept the pressure on, moving Notre Dame around the field. In the final 20 minutes, the Radcliffe women upped the intensity on their exhausted opponents, whose defense could not hold. After a final scrum, RRFC claimed a 22-10 win and its first national championship since it won the Division I title in 1998.“We play our best rugby in the last 20 minutes of a match,” says Hamlin. “At no point did I think we were going to lose that game. The team executed our plan perfectly.”Nicole Poteat ’11 says that the championship showed her that she could accomplish anything with the help of teammates who share a common goal and a commitment to one another.“The momentum we had this year made us an unstoppable force,” she says. “Every time I thought that force might be meeting an immovable object — like in the Norwich game, or when we played Notre Dame in the finals — I quickly remembered that for us, there was no such thing. This came from how cohesive we were as a unit on and off the field. We know the lengths we would go to for each other and that has made us fearless.”last_img read more

Trump’s promises seen as ineffective in halting coal’s long-term market problems


first_imgTrump’s promises seen as ineffective in halting coal’s long-term market problems FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):President Donald Trump and the coal industry’s mutual affinity may have improved investor sentiment toward the sector, but whether companies can parlay that into real market results is far from clear.The dispositions of coal miners and coal executives alike have vastly improved since Trump won the election. Industry conferences and events once punctuated with dark humor, pessimism and war-like rhetoric are now filled with optimism about the future despite susceptibility to a secular decline in consumption, partially masked by recent success in moving coal to the booming seaborne market.Despite the optimism, domestic U.S. coal consumption has continued to decline, and overall production has hardly budged under Trump as he continues to praise the country’s “beautiful, clean coal.” Supporters of the president in the coal industry, however, say greater certainty and improved sentiment toward their industry have helped.Support for coal coming from the administration is important to how the rest of the country perceives the coal industry, said Betsy Monseu, CEO of the American Coal Council. A financially healthier coal industry supercharged by positive sentiment from the White House is again attracting investors to the sector, she added. At the same time, she said, marketplace and policy issues that have “tilted the playing field away from coal” remain.While the media often focuses on high-profile events, investors are far more likely to pay attention to the effects of gradual, fundamental shifts in technology trends and societal preferences, wrote Samson Mukanjari and Thomas Sterner of the University of Gothenburg’s economics department, in a study analyzing the market impacts of the last U.S. presidential election and the Paris Agreement on climate change. The lack of a sizable global reaction to the election of Trump—with his desire to promote coal and threats to pull out of international climate agreements—surprised the researchers, Mukanjari said.“Everyone recognizes that Trump has four [or] maybe eight years in office, and that makes it harder to make long-term investments in the sector,” Mukanjari said. “The major challenges facing coal may have little to do with global climate policy but technological developments that have made alternatives to coal much cheaper and changes in consumer preferences among other things. To this end, attempts to promote coal will face similar challenges.”More ($): Trump lifted coal’s spirits, but turning that into market success is a challengelast_img read more