Everyone join in and chant “the mantra of all paleontologists: We need more fossils!” If you are a seeker of bones that might give clues of human ancestry, repeating this phrase might relieve stress. In quotes above is the concluding line of an editorial by David R. Begun in the March 5 issue of Science, 1 reviewing the latest human fossil claim coming from Africa, as reported in the same issue.2 (see also Scientific American). The booty consisted of six fragments of teeth from Ethiopia, found by the team of Haile-Selassie (see 07/17/2001 claim and 08/27/2002 rebuttal), Suwa, and White (see 03/21/2002 and 03/28/2003 headlines). The discoverers claim their teeth show that earlier specimens, thought to represent diverse taxa, might be just variations within a single genus. Apparently, David Begun has not begun to be convinced. Begun thinks that some of the other recent fossils, “Ardipithecus, Orrorin, and Sahelanthropus offer evidence of striking diversity.” But on what objective criteria? He seems to offer more questions than answers: words like may, unclear, and far from established pepper his article. For example:It is tempting to see evidence of anagenesis (unilinear evolution) in the late Miocene hominin record in part because continuity is suggested by claims for some evidence of bipedalism in all known taxa. The evidence from Orrorin is ambiguous … whereas that from Sahelanthropus is indirect, based only on the position of the foramen magnum. The region is severely distorted in the only cranial specimen of Sahelanthropus, and even the describers recognize the uncertainty. A. kadabba is interpreted as a biped on the basis of a single toe bone, a foot proximal phalanx, with a dorsally oriented proximal joint surface, as in more recent hominins. However, the same joint configuration occurs in the definitely nonbipedal late Miocene hominid Sivapithecus, and the length and curvature of this bone closely resembles those of a chimpanzee or bonobo. In addition, the specimen is 400,000 to 600,000 years younger than the rest of the A. kadabba sample, 800,000 years older than A. ramidus, and from a locality that is geographically much closer to Aramis than to Asa Koma. It may or may not be from a biped, and if it is, which biped? Another issue is the canine/premolar complex…. And so it goes. (The Orrorin fossil was announced in Science in 2001; see 02/23/2001 headline). In the final paragraph, Begun gives his opinion on the problem and the solution:Why the different interpretations? Evidence is scarce and fragmentary, and uncertainty predominates. Interpretations rely especially heavily on past experience to make sense of incomplete evidence. Haile-Selassie and colleagues interpret diversity in fossil hominids in terms of variability and gradual evolutionary change in an evolving lineage. Others see cladistic diversity as opposed to ancestor-descendant relations…. Ancestor-descendant relations must exist , but adaptive radiation and cladogenesis also must exist , or organic diversity would be the same today as it was at the beginning of biological evolution. Rather than a single lineage, the late Miocene hominin fossil record may sample an adaptive radiation , from a source either in Eurasia or yet undiscovered in Africa, the first of several radiations during the course of human evolution…. Regardless, the level of uncertainty in the available direct evidence at this time renders irreconcilable differences of opinion inevitable. The solution is in the mantra of all paleontologists: We need more fossils!1David R. Begun, “Anthropology: The Earliest Hominins: Is Less More?” Science Volume 303, Number 5663, Issue of 5 Mar 2004, pp. 1478-1480.2Yohannes Haile-Selassie, Gen Suwa, and Tim White, “Late Miocene Teeth from Middle Awash, Ethiopia, and Early Hominid Dental Evolution,” Science 27 October 2003; accepted 13 January 2004, 10.1126/science.1092978.Combined with last month’s article by Leslea Hlusko (see 02/19/2004 headline), this has to be one of the most damaging admissions on the subject of human evolution, among dozens of damaging admissions on the subject of human evolution, we have been publishing in Creation-Evolution Headlines for four years. If you can wade past the jargon, the whole tale is one of debate, uncertainty, lack of evidence, controversy, contradiction, dispute, wishful thinking, implausibility, and storytelling, all held together by the glue of faith. For example, pay special attention to the sentence above where Begun believes that evidence for both descent and diversity must exist, “or organic diversity would be the same today as it was at the beginning of biological evolution.” Aha! Did you catch that? He just said, in effect, if there weren’t any evolution, there wouldn’t be any evolution! He wants it both ways: evidence of diversity, but also evidence of descent, and he has neither. As an admission of blind faith in contradiction to the evidence, one would be hard pressed to find a better example. Without the evidence of evolution in the fossils, in other words, they would have to admit that nothing has changed–the creationists would be right! Gasp! Anything but that! These blind guides have just made it crystal clear that after 140 years of trying to prove Darwin right, there just is not any fossil evidence for “the descent of man.” What story did you grow up with? Java Man? Peking Man? Heidelberg Man? Those stories are all out the window, and all the new bones are up for grabs for anyone’s interpretation. The creation story, that man has always been man and ape has always been ape, certainly has nothing to fear from the fossil record. Darwin, the latecomer in the origins debate, has the burden of proof. Much of the futile searching for fragmentary evidence to prop up Charlie would stop if evolutionary paleoanthropologists really took to heart two articles, reported here recently, that portray the hunt to be vanity of vanities, a chasing after wind. Leslea Hlusko last month (02/19/2004 headline) questioned the basic presuppositions of human evolution, showing how visible variations between bones tell nothing about genetics and development or descent. And Tim White (a member of the team publishing this week’s paper) reminded his colleagues a year ago that natural variation and deformation can mimic diversity (03/28/2003 headline). Both these realizations fog up any real evidence of human ancestry. No matter how many bones they dig up, these two articles emphasize the problem we have emphasized all along: anyone can make up any story they want with the evidence, based on their own bias. The confusion that reigns today, after decades of changing stories, shows the folly of trusting false assumptions. As Hlusko rebuked, the answer is not “We need more fossils!” What we need is repentance from the sin of storytelling – and calling it Science.(Visited 38 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH MOST READ 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises UE lost to the Lady Maroons in five sets, 25-19, 25-13, 21-25, 16-25, 15-8, in a game Vicente wanted his team to build on.“We should’ve been more inspired in this game considering what we’ve been through in our first,” said Vicente. “The players just need to have the mindset that the moment they step on the floor they would give it their all.” Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “They just allow the ball to drop wherever UST sends it. What I did in the third set was put in the players who really wanted to win, maybe we could’ve gotten at least a set.”Come the third set, Vicente had reserves Geline Olarve, Katrina Sta. Maria, Lialyn Manabat and Laizah Bendong in the late stretches.READ: Rondina asserts authority in UST’s closeout of UECherry Rondina, however, wasn’t having none of Vicente’s player rotations and scored UST’s match-point and game-clincher.Vicente added UE should’ve put more of an inspired fight against the Golden Tigresses after the Lady Warriors came off with a near win in their first game of the season against University of the Philippines.ADVERTISEMENT Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Zark’s-Lyceum crushes Mila’s Lechon by 47 for 5th straight win LATEST STORIES Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:00Chief Justice Peralta on upcoming UAAP game: UP has no match against UST00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments AFP official booed out of forum Read Next It is still early in the tournament but University of the East is already in disarray.ADVERTISEMENT The Lady Warriors are off to a disappointing 0-2 start in the UAAP Season 80 women’s volleyball tournament, with their latest loss coming in a straight set defeat to University of Santo Tomas, 25-17, 25-15, 25-21.Head coach Francis Vicente said the only positive thing he got out of their loss to the Golden Tigresses was that his bench players have the attitude to try and win games, something that his starters unfortunately lacked.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutREAD; UST recovers from opening day loss, blanks UE for first win“The starters tend to relax too much, they can’t control their own confidence or that they are too confident in themselves,” said Vicente in Filipino Wednesday at Filoil Flying V Centre.
LATEST STORIES Ateneo escaped with an 80-78 victory over the Green Archers in the 2017 Filoil Flying V Preseason Premier Cup behind Ravena’s clutch heroics.READ: Ravena’s late three lifts Ateneo past La SalleFEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutBut things didn’t go the younger Ravena’s way early. He even got pulled out of the court in the second half after failing to follow coach Tab Baldwin’s defensive instructions.The 20-year-old knew what he did wrong and bide his time to make up for his mistakes. Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken For the complete collegiate sports coverage including scores, schedules and stories, visit Inquirer Varsity. Smith unstoppable as TNT clips Ginebra, takes Game 1 “I did exactly what coach Tab told us not to do, and I understood why I was benched. Coach told us to be composed, but I was rushing and that’s when La Salle trapped us more. But when he told me to contribute on defense, I just made it a point to do my job,” he said.READ: Thirdy admits there’s no escaping comparisons to dad, brotherHe was stellar on the defensive end when he finally returned on the court, but Ravena’s biggest moment came on offense, when he received a pass from Tyler Tio on the left corner and drilled the go-ahead trey with 9.2 seconds remaining to put Ateneo up, 76-74.“The opportunity just presented itself. Seeing how hard my teammates worked, I was thinking that I didn’t want to let them down. We have already went though a lot of hardships. So whatever I needed to do, whether I got the ball or not, I have to grab the opportunity,” he said. “Tyler (Tio) followed coach Tab’s play and he did it very well, drawing my defender in and kicking it out to me. I was just lucky to get the three points because I came off the bench cold and I wasn’t really warmed up.”That basket steered the Blue Eagles to the tight victory where Ravena finished with nine points and five rebounds in the win, much to the delight of his older brother.ADVERTISEMENT 1 dead in Cavite blast, fire Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netAs if Thirdy Ravena needed any more pressure to deliver for Ateneo against La Salle on Sunday, his older brother Kiefer had to remind about it.Thirdy said the his older brother told him to “perform well” because he will be at the Arena for the first meeting of the rivals in the pre-season.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Heart Evangelista admits she’s pregnant… with chicken READ: Dream Ateneo-La Salle UAAP showdown looms“Again, I’m just lucky,” he said.It may have been just a pre-season win but the Blue Eagles are happy to get one against their archrivals.“Of course, Ateneo-La Salle rivalry goes very, very deep. If you’re an Atenean or a Lasallian, playing in the game is enough motivation. Of course, La Salle was La Salle and they were very intense offensively and defensively. But although it’s just the summer league, we’re happy to get the win. But we know that we still have lots to work on. La Salle is still a strong team and we have to continue working on our game and keep working as a team,” he said. What ‘missteps’? Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games WATCH: Firefighters rescue baby seal found in parking garage World’s 50 Best Restaurants launches new drinking and dining guide View comments Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Games
Virat Kohli’s quick 49 took Royal Challengers Bangalore into the semifinals of the Champions League with a six-wicket win over Highveld Lions here.Scores: RCB vs LionsBrief Scores: Lions 159-6 (20); RCB 160-4 (19)Champions League 2010 – Special Coverage Lions elected to bat and posted 159-6. After a two-run loss to Mumbai, Anil Kumble led by example, taking 1-13 in four tight overs after Lions had raced away to 100 in 13 overs.Kohli, whose wicket had ensured a last-ball win for Mumbai, finished the game on his own this time with a 29-ball innings.Bangalore’s win here means they have become the first IPL team to make the Champions League semifinals. South Australia is the other team to reach the semis from Group B.Electing to bat, the Alviro Petersen-led side kept up the run rate through the innings despite being jolted by R Vinay Kumar’s double blow in the fourth over.Petersen led the way with 45 (29b) after Jonathan Vandiar and Richard Cameron were caught behind off consecutive deliveries from Vinay.Rahul Dravid (33) and Manish Pandey (44) built the chase up with a 53-run opening stand in eight overs.Ross Taylor and Robin Uthappa flopped but Kohli sealed the chase with a 48-run stand with Cameron White.
With the leaks on design and specs of the Samsung Galaxy A5 on Sam Mobile, what is catching the curiosity of gadget geeks is the kind of body the upcoming smartphone would have.Having used metal-frame devices in Galaxy Alpha and Galaxy Note, Samsung is trying to maintain a premium look for its next,without actually using metal, as reported in the blog dedicated to the coverage of Samsung devices, Sam Mobile.The blog claims that the smartphone will be made of a unique material, neither metal nor plastic, that would feel cold in the hands?? of the user. It would cut down the cost and yet keep up to the luxe design.However, what it appears to from the leaked images is that the Galaxy A5 does have a metal ,as suggested by the visible metallic edges.As per the leaked reports, Galaxy A5 will be a mid-ranged phone featuring a 5-inch HD Super AMOLED display. It may come with a Snapdragon 400 processor which has been used in older smartphones like HTC One Mini. It will sport a 13MP rear camera, 5 megapixel front camera, 16 GB storage and 2330 mAh battery along with the latest version of TouchWiz, as supposed by the blog.The release date for the phone is yet to be announced while the rumour mills remain abuzz.