More From Our Partners Supermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comBiden received funds from top Russia lobbyist before Nord Stream 2 giveawaynypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.org Share Show Comments ▼ RETAIL sales in the UK rose for the first time in three months in October, according to official statistics released yesterday.Sales volumes were up 0.5 per cent compared to September, but still 0.1 per cent lower than the same month in 2009.Online retailers continued to outperform their traditional High Street rivals, with non-store retailing up 1.2 per cent on September and a staggering 12 per cent on October 2009. But shops selling household goods such as hardware stores and DIY superstores fared the worse, with sales down 4.7 per cent year-on-year, due to the slowdown in the housing market. Sales at these retailers were down 0.6 per cent on September. Analysts warned the VAT hike would likely stem retail sales growth in the New Year. whatsapp Retail sales pick up but growth stays sluggish by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesZen HeraldNASA’s Voyager 2 Has Entered Deep Space – And It Brought Scientists To Their KneesZen Heraldmoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comAlphaCute30 Rules That All “Hells Angels” Have To FollowAlphaCuteTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallTaonga: The Island FarmReporter CenterBrenda Lee: What Is She Doing Now At 76 Years of Age?Reporter Centerthedelite.comNetflix Cancellations And Renewals: The Full List For 2021thedelite.com whatsapp Thursday 18 November 2010 8:29 pm KCS-content Tags: NULL
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Regions: US Topics: Online casino Online sports betting BetMGM expands igaming offering with SG and BetGenius deals Under the agreement with Scientific Games, BetMGM will roll out the supplier’s OpenGaming product suite, including the Open Gaming System (OGS) content aggregator, incorporating in-house content and third-party games. “This builds on a well-established partnership, and Scientific Games will continue to be a key igaming partner for us as we extend our operational reach in the coming years,” BetMGM’s vice president of gaming Matthew Sunderland said. OpenGaming is now live with BetMGM’s operations in New Jersey, and the agreement also includes scope for expansion into Pennsylvania and other states across the US as legislation permits. It complements an existing relationship between GVC and Scientific Games, which has seen the operator roll out the supplier’s content in a number of regulated markets. BetMGM, the betting joint venture between MGM Resorts and GVC Holdings, is to expand its igaming and sports betting offering after extending partnerships with Scientific Games and BetGenius. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Online casino BetMGM will also have access to a range of player engagement tools such as free spins and jackpot features. Tags: BetMGM betting Gambling Scientific Games Email Address 14th October 2020 | By Robert Fletcher Read the full story on iGB North America.
East African Breweries Limited (EABL.tz) listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2016 presentation For more information about East African Breweries Limited (EABL.tz) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the East African Breweries Limited (EABL.tz) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: East African Breweries Limited (EABL.tz) 2016 presentation Company ProfileEast African Breweries Limited produces and distributes a range of beer and spirit brands and non-alcoholic beverages. Popular brands include Tusker Malt Lager, Tusker Lite, Guinness, Pilsner, White Cap Lager, Allsopps Lager, Balozi Lager, Senator Lager, Bell Lager, Serengeti Premium Lager, Johnnie Walker, Smirnoff, Kenya Cane, Chrome Vodka and Ciroc. East African Breweries has operations in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and South Sudan; and exports alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages to Rwanda, Burundi and the Great Lakes region. Subsidiary companies include Kenya Breweries Limited, Uganda Breweries Limited, East African Breweries (Mauritius) Limited, International Distillers Uganda Limited and East African Maltings (Kenya) Limited. Established in 1922, the group has its headquarters in Ruaraka, near the capital of Nairobi. East African Breweries Limited is listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange
Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs Rector Collierville, TN Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Aplazan la misión médica a Sudán del Sur auspiciada por la UTO El conflicto armado continua asolando al país An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Featured Events Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Submit a Job Listing Rector Tampa, FL Por Lynette WilsonPosted Jan 13, 2014 Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Washington, DC Rector Knoxville, TN Associate Rector Columbus, GA Una madre carga a su hijo enfermo en un hospital del campamento de Tomping, cerca de Juba, capital de Sudán del Sur, donde las Naciones Unidas le han dado albergue a unas 15.000 personas desplazadas que huyeron de sus hogares. 7 de enero de 2014. Foto de James Akena para REUTERS. [Episcopal News Service] Un grupo de cinco médicos destinado a un campamento de refugiados en Sudán del Sur ha aplazado su misión sanitaria como resultado del intenso conflicto armado en que han perdido la vida más de 1.000 personas y que ha desplazado a otras 200.000 en la recién nacida nación centroafricana.El grupo de misión, compuesto en su mayor parte por episcopales de la Diócesis de Colorado, tenía planeado visitar Yida, un campamento de refugiados del estado Unity, Sudán del Sur, donde residen cerca de 70.000 personas que huyeron de la violencia preexistente que, al lo menos durante dos años, plagó la rica región petrolera de las montañas de Nuba, una zona cuya población era mayoritariamente aliada de Sudán del Sur, pero que se encontraba bajo el control del gobierno del Sudán, en el norte.Yida, es considerada un puesto de avanzada por los episcopales, laicos y clérigos, de la Diócesis de Kadugli, localizada en Kardofor Sur, en el lado norte de la frontera, donde el ejército sudanés y las fuerzas rebeldes separatistas han librado un conflicto armado desde junio de 2011.En 2013, la Diócesis de Colorado, que tiene una estrecha e informal relación de compañerismo con la Diócesis de Kadugli, recibió una subvención de $26.625 de la Ofrenda Unida de Gracias (UTO, por su sigla en inglés) para brindarles adiestramiento de atención sanitaria básica a trabajadoras de la salud de Kadugli en Yida.“[La intención] era comenzar a crear un equipo de personas que adiestraran a otras”, dijo Anita Sanborn, miembro del grupo de misión y presidente de la Fundación Episcopal de Colorado, la cual administra la subvención de la diócesis.El grupo de la misión tenía programado salir para Sudán del Sur el 5 de enero y comenzar la labor de adiestramiento en el campamento —donde muchas de las personas desplazadas de la región entran y salen— el día 10, pero el viaje se ha aplazado debido al conflicto más reciente.La lucha armada estalló en Juba, capital de la nación, el 15 de diciembre, luego de una disputa política entre el presidente Salva Kiir y su ex vice, Riek Machar. En las tres semanas que ha durado el conflicto, la crisis se ha extendido a siete de los 10 estados del país y ha creado una crisis humanitaria en Sudán del Sur.El equipo planea reagruparse y llevar a cabo la labor de adiestramiento en otro campamento que atiende a refugiados sudaneses, ya sea en Kenia o en Uganda, probablemente en marzo o abril, una vez que el obispo de Kadugli, Andudu Adam Elnail, quien ha pasado gran parte de los últimos dos años en el exilio y que por el momento se encuentra en Colorado, regrese a la región e identifique una ubicación alternativa.Muchas de las personas que viven en los campamentos carecen de instrucción y desconocen los principios generales de la salud, y cuando se trata del cuidado de recién nacidos, las cosas que uno hace en los primeros cinco minutos de la vida de un bebé pueden aumentar su tasa de supervivencia, dijo el Dr. Michaleen “Mickey” Richer, miembro del grupo y pediatra con más de 25 años de experiencia en salud global, la mayoría de los cuales los ha pasado en Sudán y en Sudán del Sur.Andudu Adam Elnail, obispo de of Kadugli, tomó esta foto de unos niños en el campo de refugiados de Yida, en el estado Unity, durante su última visita al campamento.Andudu Adam Elnail, obispo de of Kadugli, tomó esta foto de unos niños en el campo de refugiados de Yida, en el estado Unity, durante su última visita al campamento.La subvención de la UTO le permitirá al equipo de la misión preparar a las mujeres que viven en campamentos de refugiados y en cuevas, donde el acceso a profesionales de la medicina es limitado o inexistente, con los rudimentos de atención médica e higiene necesarios para sobrevivir, según el resumen de la adjudicación.“Muy a menudo vemos cosas en las noticias y no sabemos cómo ayudar, nos sentimos inútiles; la UTO es una manera de participar diariamente en cambiar el mundo que nos rodea”, dijo la Rda. Heather Melton, coordinadora de la UTO. “Cuando echas monedas en la cajita [azul] y das gracias por algo bueno en tu vida, esas monedas sirve para ayudar a personas que están allá en nombre nuestro intentando transformar estructuras injustas de la sociedad.”La Iglesia Episcopal del Sudán, hogar de 2 millones de miembros, tiene 31 diócesis —26 de ellas en Sudán del Sur, donde es una de las más grandes instituciones no gubernamentales y donde ha desempeñado un papel en la reconciliación luego de dos décadas de guerra civil librada en gran medida entre el norte árabe y musulmán y los rebeldes del sur cristiano y animista.“La Iglesia en Sudán del Sur está presenciando los retos del desarrollo”, dijo Elnail el 8 de enero en una entrevista telefónica con ENS, añadiendo que está operando con recursos limitados.Además de ministrar a sus fieles, que ahora se encuentra dispersos por Egipto, Uganda, Kenia, Sudán del Sur y el Sudán, el obispo ha abogado por la paz y la reconciliación, hablando tanto en África como en América del Norte. La solución del conflicto, dijo, “radica en el diálogo político, no en la lucha armada”.Las partes beligerantes en el Sudán firmaron un Acuerdo Global de Paz en 2005, poniendo fin a la guerra civil que había causado más de 2 millones de muertos y había desplazado, según cálculos estimativos, a otros 7 millones. Sudán del Sur obtuvo oficialmente la independencia el 9 de julio de 2011. En febrero de 2012, estalló la violencia tribal en el estado de Jonglei, Sudán del Sur.La Diócesis de Colorado ha apoyado durante mucho tiempo a los refugiados sudaneses, que comenzaron a llegar a Colorado hace más de una década. Muchos de los refugiados pertenecían a la Iglesia Episcopal del Sudán y se orientaron hacia las iglesias episcopales, como la catedral de San Juan en Denver, que tiene una congregación sudanesa, dijo Sanborn.Cuando Sudán del Sur obtuvo su independencia, la diócesis cambió el foco de su interés, de ayudar a la diáspora al sostén de escuelas, la preparación de líderes y el apoyo al clero de la nueva nación en desarrollo, así como a la participación en campañas promocionales en Estados Unidos.Además de proporcionar la ayuda y el adiestramiento necesarios, es importante para los estadounidenses y para los fieles de la Iglesia Episcopal dar testimonio y ofrecer información de los empeños promocionales basados en EE.UU., dijo Sanborn, que es ex miembro de la junta [directiva] de los Amigos Americanos de la Iglesia Episcopal en el Sudán, o AFRECS (por su sigla en inglés) como comúnmente se le conoce.“Conozco como los norteamericanos somos de prácticos, y la gente con frecuencia pregunta: ‘¿qué bien le hace a usted irse allá y hacer dos semanas de adiestramiento?’”, dijo ella. “Lo que es inmensurable es la esperanza que nuestra presencia suscita en personas que se sienten traicionadas por sus propios líderes. Podemos llevar un mensaje a las personas que se encuentran allí que no sigan adelante, que no serán olvidadas”.– Lynette Wilson es redactora y reportera de Episcopal News Service. Traducción de Vicente Echerri. Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Rector Bath, NC Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector Albany, NY Rector Smithfield, NC Director of Music Morristown, NJ TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Rector Pittsburgh, PA Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Submit a Press Release Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Rector Belleville, IL Rector Shreveport, LA Press Release Service Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Submit an Event Listing Featured Jobs & Calls New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Martinsville, VA Youth Minister Lorton, VA An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Cathedral Dean Boise, ID Rector Hopkinsville, KY Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem
Please enter your comment! At the beginning of the year, people tend to make new year’s resolutions, the tradition is one that has been around for about 4,000 years, since the Babylonians. While often times our resolutions are health or even finance-related, there are other things that we can improve in our lives as well, like taking care of our house or even our car. Cars are a big investment and we rely heavily on the ability to drive places, so here are 5 new year’s resolutions for your vehicle you should try in 2018.1. Check-upsLike us humans visit our doctors for regular check-ups and physicals, our vehicles need regular maintenance too. This includes replacing filters, getting oil changes, adding performance and fuel enhancements and cleaners, rotating and balancing the tires, checking fluid levels and more. Doing maintenance like this extends the life of your vehicle, keeps your gas mileage high, and reduces emissions, which protects our environment. In the long run, regular check-ups save you money. as it reduces the amount of unexpected repairs you might experience.2. CleaningsOur cars need regular cleaning. Washing the outside of the car and applying the proper protectants keeps the paint looking shiny and new and cleaning the interior windows, dashes, and upholstery keeps our vehicle in good condition.3. Drive SafelyOne of the most important things for our personal health is being safe. It’s obvious, but our car’s personal health is dependent upon us being a safe driver. Whether it means following the speed limit, being observant of others around us, paying attention to the road, not using devices while driving, or even not driving in hazardous conditions when possible, being a safe driver means that our cars maintain their beautiful physique and everyone inside remains safe and intact.4. Know Your VehicleAgain, your car is a big investment, so get to know it. This plays into the previous three resolutions – knowing your vehicle makes maintaining the car easier for the owner. Know your car’s history, abide by the instructions in the manual, keep records of work done on your car. Paying attention to the way your car functions and knowing when something seems off can help you deal with any repairs needed and possibly even save you money if a problem is recognized early on.5. Let it Go (if necessary)While we may be get attached to our vehicle, know when its time to say goodbye. If the cost of maintenance and repairs are more than the actual value of the car, then it’s time to find a new vehicle and stop wasting money. Buying a new vehicle will not only often save you money in gas, but also in maintenance and repair costs. In some cases, it may even lower the cost of your insurance. TAGSAutomobileNew Year’s Resolutions Previous articleThis new year – rethinking gratitudeNext articleApopka’s biggest story of 2017: 11 finalists emerge Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here The Anatomy of Fear LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Please enter your name here Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate
CopyAbout this officeOCO_STUDIOOfficeFollowProductsWoodSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesO Porto de BaresHousesSpainPublished on November 26, 2013Cite: “Vivienda Estaca de Bares / OCO_STUDIO” 26 Nov 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Save this picture!Courtesy of Marco Gárate N.+ 24 Share Projects Chile Social Housing CopySocial Housing•Valparaíso, Chile Suarez House / Arq2g arquitecturaSave this projectSaveSuarez House / Arq2g arquitectura CopyAbout this officeArq2g arquitecturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodSteel#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureSocial HousingValparaísoChilePublished on November 27, 2015Cite: “Suarez House / Arq2g arquitectura” 27 Nov 2015. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
The members of Workers World Party reach out to the brave Mexican people who are suffering the terrible consequences of an earthquake of great magnitude — 7.1 on the Richter scale — that took place on Tuesday, Sept. 19.We echo the many messages and expressions of solidarity issued from different parts of the world. The people of Mexico are not alone.With much sadness we have seen the harrowing images of buildings and other collapsed structures and the increasing number of fatalities — from children whose lives have been prematurely mowed down, to women and men of all ages.Since our party is in the very belly of the violent and cruel empire that is the United States, we are filled with much anger that the evil, fascistic and warlike administration of this country has failed to demonstrated the necessary humanity for the brotherly people with whom it shares its only border to the south, and whose southwestern territories were stolen from the Mexican people. As Mexican migrants in the United States have said in their slogans: “We did not cross the border, the border crossed us.”It also fills us with indignation that Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto, instead of putting energy into ending corruption and punishing the criminals, above all by seeking and punishing to the full extent of the law those responsible for the disappearance of the 43 students of Ayotzinapa, is instead giving Mexico’s support to Trump’s warlike policies against the sister Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.But the people residing in Mexico who are now suffering this tragedy are giving the world lessons in solidarity and cooperation. These are also lessons in sovereignty. Rescue brigades from trade unions, students and other organizations have taken up the difficult and sad task of removing debris in search of survivors.The people of different communities have organized themselves to do what is necessary to provide help in all possible ways. They are demonstrating the great strength of the Mexican people, the people who have produced giants like Emiliano Zapata. This is also proof of what people are capable of when they unite.We are committed to raise our voices to provide the necessary assistance from here in the United States and we will collaborate with efforts being carried out by the migrant communities residing in the various states where we have a presence.A strong embrace of solidarity from our struggle.Teresa Gutiérrez y Berta Joubert-Ceci,For the National Committee of Workers World Party/Partido Mundo Obrero FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Early on in the COVID-19 pandemic, it became clear which countries had effective responses to the spread of the virus, and which did not. Under capitalism limited supplies despite clear need.Wuhan, China, underwent a strict lockdown for 76 days, successfully bringing the virus under control in the world’s first city to identify an outbreak. The rest of China also controlled the virus, preventing potentially millions of deaths had they allowed it to spread at the same horrific scale as did Britain, Belgium, Italy and the U.S. All these highly developed capitalist countries were thought to be the most prepared to confront a pandemic. Yet developed capitalist countries failed spectacularly to control the virus, despite outliers like New Zealand which benefit from geographical isolation and a less dense population.The pandemic revealed many fundamental differences between many capitalist countries and countries oriented toward socialism. These differences encompass deep, core aspects of society — how much or how little human life is valued, whether science takes precedence over the pursuit of profit, and individualism versus collectivism. With the production and distribution of vaccines coming into full force, more differences are coming to light.China and Vietnam brought the virus swiftly under control and vigorously suppressed its reintroduction. These countries pursued a preventative, multipronged strategy that saved countless lives and greatly shortened the severe social and economic disruption caused by the pandemic. Vaccines are an important tool for these countries — socialist-led Cuba stands out for its vaccine research and production. China is the world leader in vaccine exports, with their vaccines reaching 60 countries. Yet vaccines are clearly not their last, desperate hope to contain the worst pandemic in over a century.Developed capitalist countries, having failed to prevent COVID’s spread from the beginning, must rely far more on vaccines to control the pandemic. Nothing else they have done has been able to extinguish the virus’s deadly rampage throughout their populations.Contradictions in profit system limit vaccine accessWith the massive accumulation of wealth and talent granted to capitalist countries that occupy the top of the imperialist world order, they have highly developed, high-tech pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Infused with federal funding, private corporations developed novel vaccines using cutting-edge mRNA technology. These vaccines could theoretically be quickly tweaked to respond to mutant virus variants and could one day provide a universal flu vaccine, or even possibly an effective HIV vaccine. Unlike older vaccines, their production does not require handling live viruses, thus increasing safety at labs and production facilities.Yet the capitalist relations of production in which this technology was developed limit its full potential for use in serving human needs. Aggressive use of patents can restrict their deployment, increase prices and give huge power to private pharmaceutical and biotech companies. Pfizer demanded that Argentina and Brazil put up state assets — military bases and embassy buildings — as collateral for potential vaccine-related legal costs. In one Latin American country that has a confidentiality agreement with Pfizer, a vaccine deal was delayed for three months due to Pfizer’s aggressive negotiating. (tinyurl.com/3h7zp3z8)The components in mRNA vaccines are controlled by private capitalist corporations. Only a handful of Western companies, such as Germany’s Merck and Canada’s Acuitas, supply the lipid nanoparticles that coat the mRNA bundle in the vaccines and make them viable. At a press briefing April 9, World Health Organization Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that 87% of vaccines have gone to wealthier countries, while low-income countries received just 0.2%. (tinyurl.com/xeubrpxj) This is the inevitable result of vaccine research and production when controlled by a few large corporations, which supply to those with the most ability to pay first and squeeze out every outrageous concession they can from developing countries. Imperialism relies on military invasions and drone strikes, but it needs private corporations based in imperialist countries using vaccines and other lifesaving technology to coerce and manipulate sovereign countries in the Global South.Cuba and China vaccine leadersCuba opened its first biotech research and production center, BioCubaFarma, in 1981.The vaccine story is not just being written by Pfizer and Moderna. Cuba and China are vaccine leaders, but they are charting a much different course than capitalist countries. Their vaccine development is state-led and owned collectively by the people, not big corporations.Cuba opened its first biotech research and production center in 1981. The industry now operates under BioCubaFarma, the Cuban organization of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Industries. It is a network of 34 publicly owned companies and scientific institutions working together to coordinate a planned, society-wide approach to pharmaceuticals and vaccines. The Center of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (CIGB) carries out research, development, and production in the areas of human and animal vaccines, therapeutic molecules, such as monoclonal antibodies, and genetically modified plants. Cuba’s Finlay Institute is the country’s premier vaccine research and development center, known for developing the world’s first meningitis B vaccine over 30 years ago. (tinyurl.com/h242znwe)For a small country of 11 million people, under heavy sanctions from and an illegal blockade by the U.S., Cuba’s biomedical sector is unusually sophisticated compared not only to its peers in the Global South, but to many developed capitalist countries. It now has five COVID-19 vaccines in development, with two in stage III clinical trials named Soberana-02 and Abdala. Cuba is the first Latin American country to develop vaccines and is by far the smallest in the world to do so. Thanks to decisions made decades ago by the Communist Party of Cuba to prioritize the health of the island’s people, Cuba is in a prime position today to develop and mass produce vaccines and other pharmaceuticals. Cuba’s current COVID-19 vaccines do not use the novel mRNA technology but simpler tried-and-true methods using a fragment of virus protein to stimulate an immune response. China’s Sinovac and Russia’s Sputnik-V vaccines rely on synthesized or extracted virus fragments.Cuba plans to vaccinate all of Havana by the end of May, 60% of the country by August and the entire country by the end of 2021, which will make it one of the world’s first to achieve “herd immunity.” Vaccinations are voluntary, but the government expects broad adoption by the public, who are highly educated and informed on issues regarding public health. This is due to decades of extensive public health campaigns, free national health care, free education and the promotion of science and technology.Cuba’s vaccine industry is currently reorganizing to be able to produce 100 million doses for export. (tinyurl.com/s8urns8z) It has signed contracts to produce vaccines in Venezuela and Iran, greatly expanding the scale of the international vaccine effort. It is developing vaccines that can be stored at room temperature for weeks, making them attractive to developing tropical countries. The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines must be kept at ultracold temperatures, creating a logistical problem for countries without developed medical infrastructure. Ronald Sanders, Antigua and Barbuda’s ambassador to the U.S., told the Washington Post that “Europe, the U.S. and Canada bought up all the vaccines already. So if Cuba does pass its trials, and the WHO does approve it, yes, we will be in line for it, and gratefully so. And I would be surprised if the Cubans charged us more than cost and a minor amount of money.” (Washington Post, Mar. 29)China’s vaccine effort is remarkable in many ways, and like Cuba’s it’s led by publicly owned industries, not capitalist corporations. By the end of 2022, China plans to produce 5 billion vaccines and vaccinate 70% of its own population annually. (tinyurl.com/37krwnp6)China has administered over 160 million shots domestically, second only to the U.S., and has shipped over 80 million doses around the world, plus another 90 million doses’ worth of ingredients to be finished in factories in Indonesia and Brazil, according to the April 9 South China Morning Post. Responsible for a third of the total vaccines administered globally, despite making up less than a fifth of the world’s population, China is a world leader in COVID vaccines.China is also working on its own domestically produced mRNA vaccines, which are expected to start rolling out by the end of 2021. Plans for a phase III trial for one such vaccine are already underway, and Mexico has agreed to stage trials of it and the subsequent manufacturing. Last December, a production facility that can produce 120 million doses of the mRNA vaccine began construction in China. Developed jointly by China’s Academy of Military Science (AMS), Walvax Biotechnology and Suzhou Abogen Biosciences, the ARCoV mRNA vaccine can be kept at room temperature for up to a week, unlike the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines. China has developed its own lipid nanoparticle coating, so that it would not have to rely on Western capitalist firms such as Merk for this critical vaccine component. (Korea Times, Apr. 11)Outside China and Cuba, Russia is another major player in the global vaccine effort. Russia’s vaccine development is also state-led, and the country benefits greatly from the highly developed pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries it inherited from the Soviet Union. Even in Russia, where socialism was overthrown decades ago, and capitalism was chaotically and disastrously introduced, the legacy of socialism’s deep commitment to modern, science-based public health for all is still paying dividends for society.The novel mRNA vaccines produced in capitalist societies can be of great benefit to the world’s peoples, but they will never reach their full potential as long as they are controlled by private capitalist firms. Fortunately there are countries operating under people-centered systems that can produce their own vaccines, including mRNA vaccines, which will allow them to reach herd immunity independently and without having to deal with the Mafia-like antics of Western corporations and governments. These lifesaving vaccines are also being sent to countries under Western sanctions, providing a critical lifeline for countries with fractured health care infrastructure and shortages of basic supplies. Countries in South America now have another option for vaccines, giving them more independence from the U.S., which, from the 19th-century Monroe Doctrine to today, still considers South and Central America its exclusive sphere of influence.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this